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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, glandular-hairy, generally strongly scented.
Leaf: simple, opposite or alternate; stipules 0; petiole long.
Inflorescence: raceme, terminal, bracted; bractlets 2, just below flower.
Flower: bisexual; sepals 5, ± unequal; corolla 2-lipped, generally 5-lobed; stamens epipetalous, generally 2 long, 2 short, 1 vestigial; ovary superior, 1-chambered, placentas 2, parietal, 2-lobed, style > ovary, curved, stigma 2-lobed, flat, generally closing when touched.
Fruit: capsule, drupe-like; outer layer fleshy, deciduous; inner layer ultimately exposed, woody, tip incurved, splitting to form 2 claws.
4 genera, 16 species: generally ± tropical America; some cultivated. [Wagstaff & Olmstead 1997 Syst Bot 22:165–179] No evidence that insects stuck to glands are digested. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II 2003 Bot J Linn Soc 141:399–436; Hevly 1969 Taxon 18:527–534; Bretting & Nilsson 1988 Syst Bot 13:51–59]
Taproot branched or tuberous.Key to Proboscidea
Stem: prostrate to spreading, generally < 1 m.
Leaf: blade broadly ovate to round or triangular, palmately veined (generally palmately lobed), base cordate.
Inflorescence: bractlets < calyx.
Flower: calyx 1–2 cm, generally 5-lobed, split to base on lower side, or sepals free; corolla 2–5 cm, bell- to funnel-shaped, showy, tube cylindric, generally < 1 cm, bent downward, throat 10–30 mm, limb with 5 flared lobes, throat and lower limb with colored lines ( nectar guides).
Fruit: body 5–10 cm, fusiform, smooth, rough, or spiny, crested with branched projections generally only along upper suture; claws 1.5–3 × body.
Seed: 8–13 mm, angled, generally black, corky.
8 species: Am. (Greek: elephant's trunk) [Bretting 1982 Amer J Bot 69:1531–1537] Fr dispersed by attachment of claw to animals. Proboscidea parviflora subsp. parviflora not in CA according to some reports, naturalized in CA according to others.
Unabridged note: All CA material previously identified as Proboscidea parviflora subsp. parviflora belongs instead to Proboscidea parviflora var. hohokamiana Bretting, according to some but not all reports; in CA only in cultivation according to some reports, naturalized in CA according to others; in AZ cultivated by Native Americans for fibers from fruit.
Annual; taproot in width ± = stem base.
Leaf: blade generally 5–20 cm wide, broad-triangular to round, entire to shallowly indented.
Inflorescence: 20–40-flowered, exceeding leaves.
Flower: calyx 5-lobed, lower 3 > upper; corolla white with ± purple tinge, darker markings.
Fruit: body 1.5–3 cm wide, narrowly ovate, spines 0.
Seed: 7–9 mm.
2n=30. Uncommon. Open, disturbed areas; < 500 m. Outer North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Peninsular Ranges, cultivated elsewhere;
Previous taxon: Proboscidea althaeifolia
Next taxon: Proboscidea lutea
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
Copyright © 2012 Regents of the University of California
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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