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Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to ± fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0–5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1–2, placentas 2–4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2–4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. [Bennett & Matthews 2006 Amer J Bot 93:1039–1051] High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Orobanchaceae
Annual, perennial herb, not green (holoparasites), generally glandular-puberulent distally; root attachment occasionally tuber-like. Stem: simple or branched. Inflorescence: generally ± spike-like (proximal flowers often short-pedicelled or on short branches), generally dense; flowers generally > 20; bracts generally lanceolate to deltate (wider on peduncle); bractlets 0 or 2. Flower: calyx lobes 4–5; corolla glandular-puberulent, generally lacking ring of hairs at stamen bases, upper lip erect to reflexed, 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, spreading, throat floor with yellow folds; anthers glabrous to hairy; stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: 2-valved; placentas generally 2, often lobed. Seed: < 0.7 mm.Key to Orobanche
140 species: worldwide, especially Mediterranean. (Greek: vetch strangler, from parasitic habit) [Heckard 1973 Madroño 22:41–70]
Plant ± yellow-white. Stem: generally simple, stout, glandular-puberulent. Inflorescence: bracts narrowly ovate, with > 5 conspicuous, parallel veins. Flower: calyx 10–20 mm, lobes 5, ± narrowly triangular, pale; corolla buff to ± pink, lobes rounded or obtuse, veins ± red. [Online Interchange]
Plant 15–26 cm. Inflorescence: 5–14 cm, elongate, flower arrangement asymmetrical. Flower: calyx lobes 10–16 mm; corolla 20–25 mm, lips 6–8 mm, spreading; anthers glabrous or hairy; stigma lobes wide, spreading.
2n=48. Uncommon. Conifer forest, openings in chaparral, scrub, generally on shrubs; 300–3000 m. s High Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Southwestern California, White and Inyo Mountains, Desert Mountains; Baja California. Comprises 2 or more undescribed taxa. One has narrow ± purple spikes, in conifer forest at 2000–3000 m on Artemisia dracunculus in San Jacinto Mountains and Western Transverse Ranges (Mount Pinos), represented by specimen from Bear Valley (S.B. Parrish, s.n. June 1894). Another has narrow buff to yellow spikes, often with ± red markings on corolla lobes, in oak-chaparral at 300–1500 m on Isocoma and other Asteraceae in San Diego, Orange, Los Angeles, Riverside cos. May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Orobanche californica Cham. & Schltdl. var. parishii Jeps.]
Previous taxon: Orobanche parishii subsp. brachyloba
Next taxon: Orobanche pinorum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 7 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Orobanche, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=51841, accessed on Oct 7 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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