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LILIACEAE LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as noted

Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, ± umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or ± fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or ± so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3–many, flat or angled, brown to black.
16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Liliaceae

LILIUM LILY

Mark W. Skinner

Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, ± glabrous; bulb scale segments 2–many, if segmented. Stem: erect. Leaf: > 12, ± whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0. Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1–40+; bracts generally 2 per flower. Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, ± lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, generally exceeding to much exceeding perianth, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal. Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks.
n=12.
± 100 species: northern temperate, tropical mountains of eastern Asia. (Greek: lily) Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May–Aug.
Unabridged references: [Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ]

Key to Lilium

L. pardalinum Kellogg
NATIVE
Plant < 2.8 m, ± clonal; bulb spreading-elongate, often branched, scales (1)2–4-segmented, longest 1–3.3 cm. Leaf: alternate or in 1–8 whorls, 4–27 cm, generally ± elliptic; margin generally not wavy. Inflorescence: flowers 1–28(35), pendent. Flower: ± widely bell-shaped, generally not fragrant; perianth parts 3.4–10.4 cm, reflexed in distal 67–75%, generally ± 2-toned, adaxially generally pale orange to red on distal 25–60%, lighter near base, with maroon spots near tip margined yellow or orange, abaxially paler and green on basal ± 20%; filaments ± widely diverging, anthers 6–2.2 mm, ± magenta to orange or yellow, turning darker, pollen red-brown to yellow, turning lighter; pistil 3–8 cm. Fruit: 2.3–6 cm. [Online Interchange]

L. pardalinum subsp. vollmeri (Eastw.) M.W. Skinner VOLLMER'S LILY
NATIVE
Plant < 1.7 m, weakly clonal; bulb scales 1–2-segmented. Leaf: whorled (or alternate especially in small plants), ± linear. Flower: perianth parts 4.8–8.3 cm, 2-toned, tips darker; anthers 5–18 mm, magenta or purple, pollen red-orange or orange; pistil 3.5–5.3 cm. Fruit: 2.5–5 cm.
Peatland, streams, springs; 100–1200 m. w Klamath Ranges; southwestern Oregon. Hybrid swarms with Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii in western Siskiyou Co. Plants in deep shade generally have wider leaves, are much like Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum. Jul–Aug [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

Previous taxon: Lilium pardalinum subsp. shastense
Next taxon: Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Lilium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=51256, accessed on Jul 28 2014

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click for enlargement Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri
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2008 Gary A. Monroe

Bioregions in which Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.