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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, ± umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or ± fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or ± so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3–many, flat or angled, brown to black.
16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Liliaceae
Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, ± glabrous; bulb scale segments 2–many, if segmented. Stem: erect. Leaf: > 12, ± whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0. Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1–40+; bracts generally 2 per flower. Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, ± lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal. Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks.Key to Lilium
± 100 species: northern temperate, tropical mountains of eastern Asia. (Greek: lily) Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May–Aug.
Unabridged references: [Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ]
Plant < 2.8 m, ± clonal; bulb spreading-elongate, often branched, scales (1)2–4-segmented, longest 1–3.3 cm. Leaf: alternate or in 1–8 whorls, 4–27 cm, generally ± elliptic; margin generally not wavy. Inflorescence: flowers 1–28(35), pendent. Flower: ± widely bell-shaped, generally not fragrant; perianth parts 3.4–10.4 cm, reflexed in distal 67–75%, generally ± 2-toned, adaxially generally pale orange to red on distal 25–60%, lighter near base, with maroon spots near tip margined yellow or orange, abaxially paler and green on basal ± 20%; stamens > or >> perianth, filaments ± widely diverging, anthers 6–2.2 mm, ± magenta to orange or yellow, turning darker, pollen red-brown to yellow, turning lighter; pistil 3–8 cm. Fruit: 2.3–6 cm. [Online Interchange]
Plant < 2.8 m, strongly clonal; bulb scales (1)2(3)-segmented. Leaf: whorled. Flower: rarely fragrant; perianth parts 5.9–10.4 cm, 2-toned, tips darker; anthers 11–22 mm, pale magenta or magenta, turning purple (or ± yellow), pollen red- to brown-orange; pistil 5–8 cm. Fruit: 3–6 cm.
Moist places (drier along coast); < 1700 m. California Floristic Province. Hybridizes with Lilium parvum; ± replaced by Lilium parryi in Southwestern California mountains. Variable. Intergrades with Lilium pardalinum subsp. shastense in Siskiyou Co. (Salmon Mountains), confusingly with Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii in northern Humboldt Co. (near Onion Mtn). May–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Lilium pardalinum
Next taxon: Lilium pardalinum subsp. pitkinense
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 23 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Lilium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=51254, accessed on Apr 23 2014
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|Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum|
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© 1994 Gary A. Monroe
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