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Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Polemoniaceae


Dieter H. Wilken

Annual, perennial herb, [± subshrub]. Stem: generally branched at base. Leaf: alternate, simple, smaller upward, entire to pinnate- or palmate-lobed; lobes generally small-pointed at tip. Inflorescence: clusters, lateral or open to head-like, terminal. Flower: calyx generally bell-shaped, tube, sinuses membranous, glabrous to hairy, lobes generally small-pointed at tip; corolla generally salverform, radial or bilateral, white to red or lavender. Seed: slender, angled, ± winged, white to light brown.
30 species: western North America, southeastern United States, southern South America. (Greek: like Ipomoea) Perennial herb cross-, annual generally self-pollinated. Ipomopsis depressa moved to Loeseliastrum.
Unabridged references: [Grant & Wilken 1988 Bot Gaz 149:443–449]

Key to Ipomopsis

I. congesta (Hook.) V.E. Grant
Perennial herb. Stem: decumbent to erect, 1–3 dm, glabrous to densely puberulent. Leaf: 1–4 cm, generally hairy, entire or pinnate- to palmate-lobed. Inflorescence: head-like, terminal. Flower: calyx 3–5 mm; corolla generally > calyx, tube generally < 10 mm, yellow, lobes generally oblong, white; stamens attached at 1 level, exserted; style included.
2n=14. 7 subspecies total, especially Great Basin Floristic Province. [Online Interchange]

I. congesta subsp. congesta
Stem: 1–3 dm, branched above. Leaf: pinnate-3–5-lobed.
Valleys, basins; 1200–2450 m. Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau, n East of Sierra Nevada; to Oregon, western Great Plains. May–Sep [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Ipomopsis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 27 2015

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click for enlargement Ipomopsis congesta subsp. congesta
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© 2006 James M. Andre

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Ipomopsis congesta subsp. congesta Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.