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Lúcia G. Lohmann

Shrub, tree [woody vine]; nectaries often on stem, leaf, calyx, ovary. Leaf: generally 1–3-pinnate or -palmate (or simple), generally opposite or whorled. Flower: bisexual, showy; calyx generally 5-lobed, 2-lipped or not; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, 5-lobed, generally 2-lipped; stamens epipetalous, generally 4, paired, a 5th vestigial (a staminode) [or 0]; ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas 4, axile (or chamber 1, placentas 2–4, parietal), style long, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: generally capsule, long, cylindric to ± round, sometimes flat, 2-valved. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
81 genera, 827 species: generally tropics, especially South America; many ornamental (Campsis, trumpet creeper; Catalpa; Jacaranda). [Alcantara & Lohmann 2010 Amer J Bot 97:782–795] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lohmann, L. G. 2006 Untangling the phylogeny of neotropical lianas (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae). American J Bot 93:304–318; Lohmann, L. G. & C.U. Ulloa 2006]

Key to Bignoniaceae


1 sp. (Greek: resembling lips, from flower shape)
Unabridged references: [Henrickson 1985 Aliso 11:179–197; Richardson 2004 Oikos 107:363–375]

C. linearis (Cav.) Sweet subsp. arcuata (Fosberg) Henrickson
Shrub, 1.5–7 m, willow-like; deciduous. Leaf: simple, generally alternate (often some opposite to whorled on same plant); blade 10–26 cm, linear, curved. Inflorescence: panicle or raceme, terminal. Flower: calyx 8–14 mm, inflated, 2-lipped, generally soft-hairy, ± purple; corolla 2–5 cm, fragrant, white or light pink to lavender with yellow and purple markings in throat, lobes spreading, margins jagged, wavy; stamens included, anther sacs 2; staminode included, glabrous. Fruit: < 35 cm, linear, not flat. Seed: 6–12 mm, oblong; both ends long-hairy.
2n=40. Common. Sandy washes; < 2100 m. South Coast, e Transverse Ranges, e Peninsular Ranges, Desert; to Utah, New Mexico, northern Mexico. May–Sep [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Chilopsis
Next taxon: Jacaranda


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 24 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Chilopsis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 24 2015

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click for enlargement Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata
See CalPhotos for additional images
2000 Larry Blakely

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.