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Shrub, tree [woody vine]; nectaries often on stem, leaf, calyx, ovary. Leaf: generally 1–3-pinnate or -palmate (or simple), generally opposite or whorled. Flower: bisexual, showy; calyx generally 5-lobed, 2-lipped or not; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, 5-lobed, generally 2-lipped; stamens epipetalous, generally 4, paired, a 5th vestigial (a staminode) [or 0]; ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas 4, axile (or chamber 1, placentas 2–4, parietal), style long, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: generally capsule, long, cylindric to ± round, sometimes flat, 2-valved. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
81 genera, 827 species: generally tropics, especially South America; many ornamental (Campsis, trumpet creeper; Catalpa; Jacaranda). [Alcantara & Lohmann 2010 Amer J Bot 97:782–795] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lohmann, L. G. 2006 Untangling the phylogeny of neotropical lianas (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae). American J Bot 93:304–318; Lohmann, L. G. & C.U. Ulloa 2006 http://www.iplants.org/]
Key to Bignoniaceae
1 sp. (Greek: resembling lips, from flower shape)
Unabridged references: [Henrickson 1985 Aliso 11:179–197; Richardson 2004 Oikos 107:363–375]
Shrub, 1.5–7 m, willow-like; deciduous. Leaf: simple, generally alternate (often some opposite to whorled on same plant); blade 10–26 cm, linear, curved. Inflorescence: panicle or raceme, terminal. Flower: calyx 8–14 mm, inflated, 2-lipped, generally soft-hairy, ± purple; corolla 2–5 cm, fragrant, white or light pink to lavender with yellow and purple markings in throat, lobes spreading, margins jagged, wavy; stamens included, anther sacs 2; staminode included, glabrous. Fruit: < 35 cm, linear, not flat. Seed: 6–12 mm, oblong; both ends long-hairy.
2n=40. Common. Sandy washes; < 2100 m. Desert, adjacent Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges; to Utah, New Mexico, northern Mexico. May–Sep [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Chilopsis
Next taxon: Jacaranda
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 7 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Chilopsis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=49857, accessed on Mar 7 2014
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|Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata|
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© 2000 Larry Blakely
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