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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Shrub, tree [woody vine]; nectaries often on stem, leaf, calyx, ovary.
Leaf: generally 1–3- pinnate or - palmate (or simple), generally opposite or whorled.
Flower: bisexual, showy; calyx generally 5-lobed, 2-lipped or not; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, 5-lobed, generally 2-lipped; stamens epipetalous, generally 4, paired, a 5th vestigial (a staminode) [or 0]; ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas 4, axile (or chamber 1, placentas 2–4, parietal), style long, stigma 2-lobed.
Fruit: generally capsule, long, cylindric to ± round, sometimes flat, 2-valved.
Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
81 genera, 827 species: generally tropics, especially South America; many ornamental (Campsis, trumpet creeper; Catalpa; Jacaranda). [Alcantara & Lohmann 2010 Amer J Bot 97:782–795] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lohmann, L. G. 2006 Untangling the phylogeny of neotropical lianas (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae). American J Bot 93:304–318; Lohmann, L. G. & C.U. Ulloa 2006 http://www.iplants.org/]
Key to Bignoniaceae
1 sp. (Greek: resembling lips, from flower shape)
Unabridged references: [Henrickson 1985 Aliso 11:179–197; Richardson 2004 Oikos 107:363–375]
Shrub, 1.5–7 m, willow-like; deciduous.
Leaf: simple, generally alternate (often some opposite to whorled on same plant); blade 10–26 cm, linear, curved.
Inflorescence: panicle or raceme, terminal.
Flower: calyx 8–14 mm, inflated, 2-lipped, generally soft-hairy, ± purple; corolla 2–5 cm, fragrant, white or light pink to lavender with yellow and purple markings in throat, lobes spreading, margins jagged, wavy; stamens included, anther sacs 2; staminode included, glabrous.
Fruit: < 35 cm, linear, not flat.
Seed: 6–12 mm, oblong; both ends long-hairy.
2n=40. Common. Sandy washes; < 2100 m. Desert, adjacent Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges;
Previous taxon: Chilopsis
Next taxon: Jacaranda
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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