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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes.
Stem: above ground or not, branched or not.
Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine- serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not.
Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused; stamens 6, ± fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed.
Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal.
Seed: few to many, ± flat or ovoid, generally black.
23 genera, 637 species: worldwide. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Agavaceae
Perennial; bulb 1 [or clustered (each bulb has 1 leaf-cluster, 1 scape, or both, so no need to dig up bulbs to make this determination)], coat black or brown.Key to Camassia
Leaf: basal, linear, keeled, glabrous.
Inflorescence: scapose raceme; flowers 3–many; bracts 1–6 cm, narrow- lanceolate, scarious in age; pedicels 1–5 cm, spreading or incurved in fruit.
Flower: ± radial (or bilateral); perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, fused < 5% of length, 12–40 mm, lanceolate, blue to ± purple (white), 3–9 veined, twisted together above ovary in fruit [or not]; stamens 6, anthers generally 4–7 mm, attached at middle; ovary chambers 3.
Seed: 6–36, black.
± 6 species, 4 in nw North America. (chamass, qám'es, or quamash, Native American word) [Uyeda & Kephart 2006 Syst Bot 31:643–655] CA species highly variable, may hybridize, in need of study; bulbs traded among, eaten by Native Americans, perhaps creating local forms.
Bulb 1, ovoid, 1.5–3 cm.
Stem: 2–10 dm.
Leaf: 3–9, 2–6 dm, 5–25 mm wide.
Inflorescence: ± open; flowers 15–40, generally < 5 open at once.
Flower: radial or ± so, blue violet to bright blue (white); perianth parts generally 5-veined, early- deciduous.
Fruit: 1–3 cm, oblong to ovoid, often early- deciduous.
Seed: 6–12 per chamber.
Common; wet meadows; 1000–2600 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada;
Previous taxon: Camassia
Next taxon: Camassia quamash subsp. breviflora
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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