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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial herb, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes. Stem: above ground or not, branched or not. Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine-serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused; stamens 6, ± fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal. Seed: few to many, ± flat or ovoid, generally black.
23 genera, 637 species: worldwide. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Agavaceae
Perennial herb; bulb 1 [or clustered (each bulb has 1 leaf-cluster, 1 scape, or both, so no need to dig up bulbs to make this determination)], coat black or brown. Leaf: basal, linear, keeled, glabrous. Inflorescence: scapose raceme; flowers 3–many; bracts 1–6 cm, narrow-lanceolate, scarious in age; pedicels 1–5 cm, spreading or incurved in fruit. Flower: ± radial (or bilateral); perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, fused < 5% of length, 12–40 mm, lanceolate, blue to ± purple (white), 3–9 veined, twisted together above ovary in fruit [or not]; stamens 6, anthers generally 4–7 mm, attached at middle; ovary chambers 3. Fruit: loculicidal. Seed: 6–36, black.Key to Camassia
± 6 species, 4 in northwestern North America. (chamass, qám'es, or quamash, Native American word) [Uyeda & Kephart 2006 Syst Bot 31:643–655] California species highly variable, may hybridize, in need of study; bulbs traded among, eaten by Native Americans, perhaps creating local forms.
Bulb 1, ovoid, 1.5–3 cm. Stem: 2–10 dm. Leaf: 3–9, 2–6 dm, 5–25 mm wide. Inflorescence: ± open; flowers 15–40, generally < 5 open at once. Flower: radial or ± so, blue violet to bright blue (white); perianth parts generally 5-veined, early-deciduous. Fruit: 1–3 cm, oblong to ovoid, often early-deciduous. Seed: 6–12 per chamber.
Common; wet meadows; 1000–2600 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada; to British Columbia. [Camassia quamash subsp. quamash, misappl.] Hybrids with Camassia quamash complicate identification. May–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Camassia
Next taxon: Camassia quamash subsp. breviflora
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Camassia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=49578, accessed on Jul 28 2014
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