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Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1–10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2–4, not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2–several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
10–11 genera, 60–70 species: western North America. [Pires & Sytsma 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1342–1359] —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Themidaceae
Daughter corms often present. Leaf: generally 1–6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2–70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally ± erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.Key to Brodiaea
± 18 species: mostly endemic to California. (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744–1824) [Preston 2006 Novon 16:254–259] Several undescribed taxa, hybrids under study. Brodiaea matsonii R.E. Preston described from Shasta Co., 2010.
Unabridged references: [Preston 2006 Madroño 53:46–54; Chester et al. 2007 Madroño 54:187–198]
Inflorescence: scape 10–50 cm, stout; pedicels <= 8 cm. Flower: perianth 29–47 mm, tube 10–17.5 mm, funnel-shaped, opaque, not splitting in fruit, lobes 17.5–30 mm, violet, ascending, tips recurved, outer 4–7.5 mm wide, inner 6–10.5 mm wide; staminodes held away from stamens, 6–10.5 mm, < stamens, flat, generally white, tip obtuse, occasionally acute or toothed, erect or ± recurved; filaments 4.5–8.5 mm, anthers 5.5–11 mm, linear; ovary 7.5–12.5 mm, style 8.5–18 mm.
n=8,16,20,21,24. Grassland, meadows, open woodland, chaparral, occasionally serpentine; < 2430 m. Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada (except Tehachapi Mountain Area), Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges. Brodiaea elegans subsp. hooveri T.F. Niehaus in Oregon. Hybrids reported with other sp. Apr–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Brodiaea coronaria
Next taxon: Brodiaea filifolia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 10 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Brodiaea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=49461, accessed on Mar 10 2014
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|Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans|
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© 2004 Carol W. Witham
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