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THEMIDACEAE BRODIAEA FAMILY

J. Chris Pires, except as noted

Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1–10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2–4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2–several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
10–11 genera, 60–70 species: western North America. [Pires & Sytsma 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1342–1359] —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Themidaceae

BRODIAEA

J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston

Daughter corms often present. Leaf: generally 1–6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2–70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally ± erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.
± 18 species: mostly endemic to California. (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744–1824) [Preston 2006 Novon 16:254–259] Several undescribed taxa, hybrids under study. Brodiaea matsonii R.E. Preston described from Shasta Co., 2010.
Unabridged references: [Preston 2006 Madroño 53:46–54; Chester et al. 2007 Madroño 54:187–198]

Key to Brodiaea

B. elegans Hoover subsp. elegans HARVEST BRODIAEA
NATIVE
Inflorescence: scape 10–50 cm, stout; pedicels <= 8 cm. Flower: perianth 29–47 mm, tube 10–17.5 mm, funnel-shaped, opaque, not splitting in fruit, lobes 17.5–30 mm, violet, ascending, tips recurved, outer 4–7.5 mm wide, inner 6–10.5 mm wide; staminodes held away from stamens, 6–10.5 mm, < stamens, flat, generally white, tip obtuse, occasionally acute or toothed, erect or ± recurved; filaments 4.5–8.5 mm, anthers 5.5–11 mm, linear; ovary 7.5–12.5 mm, style 8.5–18 mm.
n=8,16,20,21,24. Grassland, meadows, open woodland, chaparral, occasionally serpentine; < 2430 m. Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada (except Tehachapi Mountain Area), Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges. Brodiaea elegans subsp. hooveri T.F. Niehaus in Oregon. Hybrids reported with other sp. Apr–Aug [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Brodiaea coronaria
Next taxon: Brodiaea filifolia

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 23 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Brodiaea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=49461, accessed on Oct 23 2014

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click for enlargement Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Brodiaea elegans subsp. elegans Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.