|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Plants in soil [climbing]; rhizome short- to long-creeping to erect, scaly; new growth often ± red. Leaf: of 1 or 2 kinds, fertile, sterile; stipe in ×-section with vascular strands in circle; blade [(simple or 2-pinnate)] deeply pinnately lobed to 1-pinnate, pinnae deeply pinnately lobed or not, hairs generally 0; veins free or netted. Sporangia: sori linear to oblong, along veins parallel to nearest midrib; indusium shaped ± like sorus, opening towards nearest midrib; stalk cells in 2–3 rows; spores elliptic, scar linear.
± 9 genera, ± 250 species: worldwide, especially tropics; several species cultivated. New classification badly needed, in which all genera but Woodwardia are placed under Blechnum or, preferably, ± 25 genera, including ± 10 new ones, are recognized. —Scientific Editors: Alan R. Smith, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Blechnaceae
Rhizome prostrate to ascending; scales dense, orange-brown. Leaf: all alike, lower pinnae generally slightly reduced or not; veins of sterile leaves netted but free at margin. Sporangia: sori oblong.
14 species: generally temperate, subtropics, North America, Europe, eastern Asia. (T.J. Woodward, British phycologist, 1745–1820)
Rhizome prostrate, short, stout. Leaf: evergreen, generally 1–3 m, coarse; stipe generally 5–15 mm wide at base, scales large, orange-brown to straw-colored; pinnae generally 15–30 cm, often glandular, lobed ± to midrib, lower ± reduced. Sporangia: sori generally ± 2–4 mm.
2n=68. Near streams, springs, seeps; ± 0–2300 m. California Floristic Province (rare Great Central Valley); to British Columbia, Nevada, Arizona, northwestern Mexico. [Woodwardia chamissoi Brack.; Woodwardia radicans (L.) Sm., misappl.] [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Woodwardia
Next taxon: Cyatheaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 4 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Woodwardia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48619, accessed on Oct 4 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2003 Keir Morse
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Woodwardia fimbriata|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month