|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial herb in soil or rock crevices; rhizome generally short-creeping, ascending, or erect, scales small to large, generally tan to brown, generally uniformly colored. Leaf: generally tufted or short-spaced, 5–200+ cm, generally ± alike; stipe firm or fleshy (easily crushed), base darker or not, with 2 vascular strands; blade generally 1–3-pinnate, ± glabrous or with hairs, hair-like scales, or gland-tipped hairs on axes, veins generally free (or netted); rachis, costa generally grooved adaxially. Sporangia: sori round, oblong, J-shaped, or linear along veins; indusia 0 or oblong, J-shaped, reniform, or linear, or of many segmented hair- or scale-like fragments or lobes encircling sorus from below; spores elliptic, winged, ridged, or spiny, scar linear.
± 15 genera, 700 species: worldwide, especially tropics, wooded areas, but some genera (e.g., Cystopteris, Woodsia) generally temperate. See note, reference (Smith et al. 2006 Taxon 55:705–731) under Dryopteridaceae for removal of genera from that family to this. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Woodsiaceae
Rhizome generally ascending to suberect, short, old stipe bases many. Leaf: often glandular or hairy; stipe base ×-section with 2 vascular strands; blade 1–2-pinnate, segments ± toothed to pinnately lobed, veins free, ending just short of margin. Sporangia: sori round, generally not at margins; indusium cup-like, often of many segmented hair- or scale-like fragments or lobes encircling sorus from below, often of crusty, ± white beads, often obscure in age.Key to Woodsia
± 30 species: generally northern temperate. (J. Woods, Britain, b. 1776) [Windham 1993 FNANM 2:270–280]
Unabridged references: [Brown 1964 Beih Nova Hedwigia 16:1–154]
Leaf: < 32 cm, 1.5–2 cm wide, tip ± acute, unforked; hairs on abaxial leaf axes ± 0.5–1 mm, ± flat, segmented, nonglandular, and ± 0.1 mm, cylindric, non-segmented, glandular; pinnae < 12–27 mm, 5–12 mm wide, pinnately lobed to 1-pinnate, margin toothed to shallowly lobed. Sporangia: indusium of narrow scale-like lobes.
2n=76,152. Crevices, rock bases; 1300–3500 m. Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Modoc Plateau, White and Inyo Mountains; to Alaska, eastern Canada, western United States. If recognized taxonomically, plants differing in chromosome number, spore size [Windham 1993], perhaps other ways assignable to W. scopulina subsp. laurentiana Windham (2n = 152), W. scopulina subsp. scopulina (2n = 76); study needed. [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Woodsia plummerae
Next taxon: Cupressaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 7 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Woodsia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48616, accessed on Jul 7 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2006 Steve Matson
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Woodsia scopulina|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month