|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial herb to small tree or vine. Stem: < 3 m, generally erect; bark generally peeling as thin sheets or narrow strips. Leaf: generally simple, opposite, deciduous or not, ± hairy; stipules 0; blade ± round to narrowly elliptic, entire or toothed. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flower 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted. Flower: bisexual, radial, flowers on inflorescence margins occasionally sterile and enlarged; sepals 4–10, free or fused at base, spreading or erect; petals 4–7, free, ± round to narrowly elliptic; stamens 8–12 in 2 whorls or many and clustered, filament base linear or wide and flat; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 2–8, ovules 1–2 or many per chamber, placentas axile or parietal, styles 1–8, free or fused at base. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal or septicidal; styles persistent or not. Seed: generally many, small to minute, oblong to fusiform, winged or not.
18 genera, ± 250 species: generally temperate, subtropical northern hemisphere; some cultivated for ornamental (Carpenteria, Hydrangea, Philadelphus). [Hufford et al. 2001 Int J Plant Sci 162:835–846] Philadelphaceae in TJM (1993). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Hufford 1997 Int J Plant Sci 158:652–672; Soltis et al. 1995 Amer J Bot 82:504–514]
Key to Hydrangeaceae
1 sp. (Lieutenant A.W. Whipple, 1818–1863, Commander, Pacific Railroad Expedition of 1853–1854)
Perennial herb, subshrub, decumbent. Stem: bark gray-brown, peeling as narrow strips. Leaf: persistent, ± sessile; blade 1.5–4 cm, 1–3 cm wide, ovate to elliptic, coarsely strigose, upper surface hairs ascending, bulbous-based. Inflorescence: cyme or raceme, dense; flowers 4–12. Flower: 4–6 mm wide, odorless; sepals 4–6, 1.5–2 mm, narrowly oblong, ± glabrous; petals 4–6, 3–6 mm, obovate, white; stamens 8–12, ± equal, filament base wide, flat; ovary 1/2-inferior, chambers 4–5, placentas ± axile, ovule 1 per chamber, styles 4–5, stigma terminal. Fruit: spheric, segmented in age. Seed: 1 per chamber, plump, honeycomb-pitted.
Coastal scrub, chaparral, forest, open areas or on streambanks; 45–1525 m. Northwestern California, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges (Santa Lucia Range); to Washington. Mar–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Whipplea
Next taxon: Hypericaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 31 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Whipplea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48534, accessed on Jul 31 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Whipplea modesta|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month