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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Woody vine [shrub]; tendrils opposite leaves. Stem: generally lenticelled. Leaf: alternate, simple or compound, petioled, deciduous; stipules generally deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, generally opposite leaf, peduncled. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally reduced, generally fused, lobes 0 or 5; petals generally 5, free, reflexed, falling individually, or adherent at tips, ± erect, falling as unit, ± red or ± yellow; stamens generally 5, opposite petals; nectaries 0 or between stamens as ± free glands; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2(4), style 1 or 0, stigma inconspicuous or head-like. Fruit: berry. Seed: 1–6.
15 genera, ± 800 species: especially warm regions; some cultivated (Cissus, grape ivy; Parthenocissus, Virginia creeper; Vitis, grape). [Chen & Manchester 2007 Amer J Bot 94:1534–1553] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Chen, I., & Manchester, S. R. 2007. Seed morphology of modern and fossil Ampelocissus (Vitaceae) and implications for phytogeography. Amer J Bot 94:1534–1553; Moore 1991 Sida 14:339–367; Soejima, A., & Wen, J. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the grape family (Vitaceae) based on three chloroplast markers. Amer J Bot 93:278–287.]
Key to Vitaceae
Stem: bark peeling; stem center brown, partitioned at nodes; tendril tips without adhering disks. Leaf: simple, crenate to serrate. Inflorescence: panicle of often head- or umbel-like clusters. Flower: unisexual or bisexual; calyx ± green, lobes 0 or short; petals adherent at tips, ± yellow; stamens 3–9 mm, generally erect, in pistillate flowers reflexed and sterile or 0; nectaries ± free glands. Fruit: 4–20 mm wide, spheric to ovoid, glaucous or not. Seed: 1–4, obovoid.Key to Vitis
65 species: temperate, subtropics. (Latin: vine) Vitis californica, Vitis girdiana differ in nuclear rDNA sequences.
Unabridged references: [Olmo & Koyama 1980 Proc 3rd Intl Symp Grape Breeding 33–41]
Stem: hairy, generally glabrous in age; nodal partitions generally 3–5 mm thick. Leaf: cordate to reniform, generally serrate, glabrous or hairy, lobes 0 or 3–5, deep; stipules generally < 3.5 mm. Flower: bisexual. Fruit: generally > 8 mm wide, spheric to ovoid, purple to blue-black, densely to not glaucous; skin adherent to pulp. Seed: round structure opposite attachment scar sunken or raised.
2n=38,57,76. Abandoned fields, roadsides; < 1000 m. Great Central Valley, Central Western California; native to Europe. Hybrids with Vitis californica commonly found in riparian areas near vineyards. May–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Vitis rupestris
Next taxon: Zygophyllaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 29 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Vitis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48438, accessed on Mar 29 2015
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© 2005 Luigi Rignanese
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Vitis vinifera|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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