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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree. Leaf: generally alternate, generally compound, generally stipuled, generally entire, pinnately veined Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; or flowers 1–few in axils. Flower: generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium 0 or flat to tubular; sepals generally 5, generally fused; petals generally 5, free, fused, or lower 2 ± united into keel (see 3, Key to Groups, for banner, wings); stamens 10 or many (or , 5, 6, 7, 9), free or fused or 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1–many, style, stigma 1. Fruit: legume, including a stalk-like base (above receptacle) or not. Seed: 1–many, often ± reniform, generally hard, smooth.
± 730 genera, 19400 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture, most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis, peanut; Glycine, soybean; Phaseolus, beans; Medicago, alfalfa; Trifolium, clovers; many orns. [Lewis et al. (eds) 2005 Legumes of the World. RBG, Kew] Unless stated otherwise, fruit length including stalk-like base, number of 2° leaflets is per 1° leaflet. Upper suture of fruit adaxial, lower abaxial. Anthyllis vulneraria L. evidently a waif, a contaminant of legume seed from Europe. Laburnum anagyroides Medik., collected on Mount St. Helena in 1987, may be naturalized. Ceratonia siliqua L., carob tree (Group 2), differs from Gleditsia triacanthos L. in having evergreen (vs deciduous) leaves that are 1-pinnate (vs 1-pinnate on spurs on old stems, 2-pinnate on new stems) with 2–5(8) (vs 7–17) 1° leaflets, commonly cultivated, now naturalized in southern California. Aeschynomene rudis Benth. <Noxious weed>, Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss <Noxious weed> (possibly extirpated), Lens culinaris Medik. are agricultural weeds. Caragana arborescens Lam. only cultivated. Ononis alopecuroides L. <Noxious weed>, Sphaerophysa salsula (Pall.) DC. <Noxious weed> all evidently extirpated. Cercidium moved to Parkinsonia; Chamaecytisus to Cytisus; Psoralidium lanceolatum to Ladeania. —Scientific Editors: Martin F. Wojciechowski, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Fabaceae
Annual, perennial herb, unarmed. Stem: generally sprawling or climbing, ridged or angled. Leaf: even-1-pinnate; stipules with an upper and smaller lower lobe, entire to dentate; leaflets 4–many, alternate to opposite (often on 1 plant), linear to ovate; main axis generally ending as tendril. Inflorescence: raceme or cluster, axillary; peduncle or pedicels present; bracts small or 0. Flower: corolla generally lavender to purple, occasionally white or yellow; 9 filaments fused, 1 free; style generally not ± flat, puberulent at tip, all around or especially abaxially. Fruit: dehiscent, generally ± oblong, generally flat; base stalked or not. Seed: >= 2.Key to Vicia
± 160 species: North America, Eurasia, South America, Africa. (Latin: vetch) [Steele & Wojciechowski 2003 Adv Legume Syst 10:355–370]
Unabridged references: [Hermann 1960 USDA Handb 168]
Annual, ± glabrous. Stem: erect, 0.5–2 m. Leaf: stipules toothed or cut; leaflets 4–6, 5–12 cm, elliptic to narrowly ovate; tendrils 0. Inflorescence: << subtending leaf; flowers 2–6, crowded, subsessile. Flower: calyx attachment basal, tube 4–10 mm, lobes lanceolate to linear, lower 5 mm, > upper; corolla 20–30 mm, white, wings with dark blotches. Fruit: 5–25 cm, 1–2 cm wide, cylindric, often narrowed between seeds; stalk-like base 0.
2n=12,14. Roadsides, garden escape; < 820 m. North Coast, Inner North Coast Ranges, Sacramento Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges (except San Jacinto Mountains); sporadic to eastern North America; origin unknown, native to Eurasia and/or northern Africa. Food, forage crop; seeds, pollen TOXIC to certain enzyme-deficient humans. Mar–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Vicia disperma
Next taxon: Vicia gigantea
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Vicia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48068, accessed on Dec 20 2014
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Vicia faba|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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