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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub [ tree], generally hairy.
Leaf: cauline, opposite, generally toothed; stipules 0.
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or head, generally elongated in fruit; bract generally 1 per flower.
Flower: bisexual; calyx generally 4–5-toothed; corolla 4–5-lobed, radial to bilateral, salverform to 2-lipped; stamens 4–5 (if 4, generally in unequal pairs), epipetalous; ovary superior, 2- or 4-lobed, generally 2- chambered, style 1, often with 2 unequal lobes, only 1 stigmatic, lateral.
Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets, drupe-like, or capsule.
± 31 genera, ± 920 species: especially Am tropics. Some cultivated (Lantana, Verbena, Vitex); some weedy worldwide (Lantana); some used for wood (Tectona, teak). Avicennia included in Acanthaceae. [Marx et al. 2010 Amer J Bot 97:1647–1663] —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Verbenaceae
Annual to perennial herb [ shrub].Key to Verbena
Stem: often 4-angled; hairs generally short, stiff.
Leaf: reduced distally on stem; blade entire to pinnately lobed.
Inflorescence: spike, often in panicle-like clusters, generally terminal, generally elongated in fruit.
Flower: calyx 5-ribbed, 5-toothed, hairs generally strigose or appressed; corolla 4–5-lobed, generally ± radial, sometimes bilateral and 2-lipped; stamens 4; ovary 4-chambered, ovules 4, style 1, lobes 2, 1 tooth-like, 1 with ± spheric stigma.
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally oblong.
± 250 species: temperate, tropical America, Medit Europe. (Latin: ancient name) [Munir 2002 J Adelaide Bot Gard 18:21–103; Yeo 1990 Kew Bull 45:101–120; Yuan & Olmstead 2008 Molec Phylogen Evol 48:23–33] Verbena gooddingii, Verbena pulchella often placed in Glandularia (sister to Verbena in strictest sense).
Biennial or perennial herb, 30–75 cm.
Stem: generally 1–3, decumbent to erect, ± canescent.
Leaf: sessile or ± clasping, 2–9 cm, elliptic to oblanceolate, entire to irregularly and obtusely toothed, ± canescent, tapered to truncate base.
Inflorescence: spikes 1–5 per cluster, in fruit 10–24 cm, 5–10 mm diam, open ( fruits not overlapping); flower bract 3.5–4 mm.
Flower: calyx 4–4.5 mm; corolla 2.5–3.5 mm, violet to ± purple.
Fruit: ± 2 mm.
Wet places, seeps, generally serpentine soils, pine/oak woodland; 300–400 m. c Sierra Nevada Foothills (Tuolumne Co.).
Previous taxon: Verbena bracteata
Next taxon: Verbena gooddingii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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