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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to tree, generally glandular, some ± aquatic. Stem: round to square in ×-section. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0 (present in Limosella). Inflorescence: spike to panicle (head-like), generally bracted, or flowers 1–4 in axils. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx lobes 4–5; corolla bilateral to radial, lobes 4–5; stamens epipetalous, 4–5, 5th a staminode in Scrophularia; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal, or drupe-like.
± 65 genera, 1700 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (Verbascum). [Olmstead et al. 2001 Amer J Bot 88:348–361] Other taxa moved to Plantaginaceae (Antirrhinum, Bacopa, Collinsia, Cymbalaria, Digitalis, Dopatrium, Gambelia, Gratiola, Hebe, Holmgrenanthe, Keckiella, Kickxia, Limnophila, Linaria, Lindernia, Maurandella, Mohavea, Nothochelone, Penstemon, Pseudorontium, Stemodia, Synthyris, Tonella, Veronica), Orobanchaceae (Bellardia, Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Parentucellia, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Albach et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92:297–315]
Key to Scrophulariaceae
[Annual] biennial, rosette large. Stem: erect, simple or branched just proximal to inflorescence. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, distal reduced. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, bracted. Flower: calyx ± radial, deeply 5-lobed; corolla ± radial, ± rotate, 5-lobed; stamens 5, lower 2 filaments > upper 3, all or only upper hairy; stigma ± spheric. Fruit: capsule, septicidal. Seed: small, wingless, many.Key to Verbascum
± 360 species: Eurasia. (Latin: from root for bearded) [Donnelly et al. 1998 Amer J Bot 85:1618–1625]
Generally nonglandular, bristly, hairs ± branched. Stem: 60–120 cm, branched just below inflorescence. Leaf: basal petioled, 10–30 cm, obovate, crenate to dentate; cauline sessile, 7–15 cm, lanceolate, cordate, crenate. Inflorescence: raceme, open, glandular; bracts < 8 mm, ovate; proximal pedicels < 10 mm, <= bract; flowers 1–4 per node. Flower: calyx 5–8(9) mm, lobes lanceolate; corolla ± 25 mm wide, yellow. Fruit: 7–8 mm, spheric, glandular-puberulent, occasionally also branched- or stellate-hairy.
2n=32,64,66. Streambanks, roadsides, disturbed grassland, coastal-sage scrub, chaparral, oak woodland; 5–1555 m. Outer North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Joaquin Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California (except Channel Islands, San Jacinto Mountains); native to Eurasia. May–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Verbascum thapsus
Next taxon: Simaroubaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 6 2013
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Verbascum virgatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=47847, accessed on Dec 6 2013
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
|Bioregions in which Verbascum virgatum occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in eFlora and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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