Directory       News       Site Map       Home
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon


Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted

Annual to tree, generally glandular, some ± aquatic. Stem: round to square in ×-section. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0 (present in Limosella). Inflorescence: spike to panicle (head-like), generally bracted, or flowers 1–4 in axils. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx lobes 4–5; corolla bilateral to radial, lobes 4–5; stamens epipetalous, 4–5, 5th a staminode in Scrophularia; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal, or drupe-like.
± 65 genera, 1700 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (Verbascum). [Olmstead et al. 2001 Amer J Bot 88:348–361] Other taxa moved to Plantaginaceae (Antirrhinum, Bacopa, Collinsia, Cymbalaria, Digitalis, Dopatrium, Gambelia, Gratiola, Hebe, Holmgrenanthe, Keckiella, Kickxia, Limnophila, Linaria, Lindernia, Maurandella, Mohavea, Nothochelone, Penstemon, Pseudorontium, Stemodia, Synthyris, Tonella, Veronica), Orobanchaceae (Bellardia, Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Parentucellia, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Albach et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92:297–315]

Key to Scrophulariaceae


Robert E. Preston & Margriet Wetherwax

[Annual] biennial, rosette large. Stem: erect, simple or branched just proximal to inflorescence. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, distal reduced. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, bracted. Flower: calyx ± radial, deeply 5-lobed; corolla ± radial, ± rotate, 5-lobed; stamens 5, lower 2 filaments > upper 3, all or only upper hairy; stigma ± spheric. Fruit: capsule, septicidal. Seed: small, wingless, many.
± 360 species: Eurasia. (Latin: from root for bearded) [Donnelly et al. 1998 Amer J Bot 85:1618–1625]

Key to Verbascum

V. virgatum Stokes WAND MULLEIN
Generally nonglandular, bristly, hairs ± branched. Stem: 60–120 cm, branched just below inflorescence. Leaf: basal petioled, 10–30 cm, obovate, crenate to dentate; cauline sessile, 7–15 cm, lanceolate, cordate, crenate. Inflorescence: raceme, open, glandular; bracts < 8 mm, ovate; proximal pedicels < 10 mm, <= bract; flowers 1–4 per node. Flower: calyx 5–8(9) mm, lobes lanceolate; corolla ± 25 mm wide, yellow. Fruit: 7–8 mm, spheric, glandular-puberulent, occasionally also branched- or stellate-hairy.
2n=32,64,66. Streambanks, roadsides, disturbed grassland, coastal-sage scrub, chaparral, oak woodland; 5–1555 m. Outer North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Joaquin Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California (except Channel Islands, San Jacinto Mountains); native to Eurasia. May–Aug [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Verbascum thapsus
Next taxon: Simaroubaceae


Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Dec 1 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Verbascum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Dec 1 2015

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.

click for enlargement Verbascum virgatum
See CalPhotos for additional images
1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Verbascum virgatum Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.