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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to tree, generally glandular, some ± aquatic. Stem: round to square in ×-section. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0 (present in Limosella). Inflorescence: spike to panicle (head-like), generally bracted, or flowers 1–4 in axils. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx lobes 4–5; corolla bilateral to radial, lobes 4–5; stamens epipetalous, 4–5, 5th a staminode in Scrophularia; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal, or drupe-like.
± 65 genera, 1700 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (Verbascum). [Olmstead et al. 2001 Amer J Bot 88:348–361] Other taxa moved to Plantaginaceae (Antirrhinum, Bacopa, Collinsia, Cymbalaria, Digitalis, Dopatrium, Gambelia, Gratiola, Hebe, Holmgrenanthe, Keckiella, Kickxia, Limnophila, Linaria, Lindernia, Maurandella, Mohavea, Nothochelone, Penstemon, Pseudorontium, Stemodia, Synthyris, Tonella, Veronica), Orobanchaceae (Bellardia, Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Parentucellia, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Albach et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92:297–315]
Key to Scrophulariaceae
[Annual] biennial, rosette large. Stem: erect, simple or branched just proximal to inflorescence. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, distal reduced. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, bracted. Flower: calyx ± radial, deeply 5-lobed; corolla ± radial, ± rotate, 5-lobed; stamens 5, lower 2 filaments > upper 3, all or only upper hairy; stigma ± spheric. Fruit: capsule, septicidal. Seed: small, wingless, many.Key to Verbascum
± 360 species: Eurasia. (Latin: from root for bearded) [Donnelly et al. 1998 Amer J Bot 85:1618–1625]
Glabrous below. Stem: 30–120 cm, occasionally branched just below inflorescence. Leaf: basal short-petioled, 4–25 cm, oblanceolate, crenate, glabrous; cauline sessile, 2–12 cm, elliptic to ovate, cordate, dentate. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal, glandular distally; proximal pedicels 10–15(25) mm; bracts < pedicels, linear to lanceolate; flowers 1 per node. Flower: calyx 5–8 mm, lobes lance-linear; corolla 25–30(40) mm wide, yellow or white (purple); filaments all dense-purple-hairy. Fruit: 6–8 mm, spheric.
2n=18,30,32. Roadsides, seeps, streambanks, disturbed grassland, foothill woodland, chaparral, yellow-pine forest; 10–1660 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range Foothills, n Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, Peninsular Ranges (except San Jacinto Mountains), Modoc Plateau (except Warner Mountains); native of Eurasia. Sp. name from leaves reputed to repel cockroaches. May–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Verbascum
Next taxon: Verbascum bombyciferum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 12 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Verbascum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=47833, accessed on Mar 12 2014
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Gladys Lucille Smith © 1999 California Academy of Sciences
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