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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial, from rhizome or bulb, or rhizomes ending in weakly developed bulbs, scapose or not.
Leaf: alternate, whorled, or mostly basal and spirally arranged, deciduous after 1 yr or not.
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, or flowers 1.
Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls or of sepals and petals, free or fused below, ± spreading; stamens 6, from perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or partly inferior, chambers 3, styles 3, persistent.
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal or septicidal.
10 genera, 130 species: n hemisphere. W North America Zigadenus moved to Toxicoscordion. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Melanthiaceae
Plant coarse, leafy; rhizome thick.Key to Veratrum
Stem: erect, 1–2 m, simple, hollow.
Leaf: many, alternate, lanceolate to widely ovate, clasping, generally acute at tip, coarse-veined, reduced upward.
Inflorescence: panicle; flowers many.
Flower: bisexual or staminate; perianth parts 6, free, spreading, petal-like, white or ± green to red-brown, nectary glands 1–2 near base; stamens 6, attached to perianth; ovary ± inferior, chambers 3, styles 3, short, stigmas long.
Fruit: capsule, septicidal.
± 25 species: n temperate. (Latin: dark roots) Alkaloids used medicinally and TOXIC to both livestock and humans.
Leaf: elliptic to widely ovate; lower 15–35 cm, sparsely curly- ciliate, abaxially hairy, adaxially veins sparsely short-hairy.
Inflorescence: generally 30–70 cm, open, woolly; branches ± spaced, lower drooping; pedicels 2–5 mm.
Flower: 6–10 mm; perianth parts oblanceolate to oblong, green to ± yellow, ± irregularly toothed, adaxially hairy, glands 2, elliptic, dark green or ± yellow; stamens ± 1/2 perianth; ovary glabrous.
Fruit: 2–3 cm, oblong-ovoid.
Seed: 7–10 mm, widely winged.
n=16. Wet subalpine meadows; 1500–2000 m. Klamath Ranges;
Previous taxon: Veratrum insolitum
Next taxon: Xerophyllum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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