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Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted

Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Caryophyllaceae

Annual, erect, taprooted. Leaf: blade linear to awl-shaped; veins 3. Inflorescence: axillary; flower generally 1; pedicels 1.5–3.5 mm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, tube prominent, 10–14 mm, 0.8–1 mm diam, narrowly cylindric, rounded, ribs 15, teeth 1–1.2 mm, lanceolate-acuminate; petals 5, 11–16 mm, claw ± = calyx, limb entire or notched, appendages 6–8, linear to lanceolate; stamens 5; styles 2, 7–8 mm. Fruit: capsule, narrowly cylindric; stalk 0.2–0.7 mm; teeth 4, ascending. Seed: 6–8, black.
6 species: Mediterranean, southern Asia. (C. Velez, friend of botanist Loefling, 18th century) [Hartman & Rabeler 2005 FNANM 5:166]

V. rigida L.
Plant 7–40 cm, glandular-hairy, at least above. Stem: branches widely spreading to erect, repeatedly 2-forked, rigid, green to ± purple. Leaf: 5–20 mm; margin ciliate, scarious near base, fused at base. Flower: calyx base swollen, hardened; petals pink to purple, limb narrowly obovate, appendages 0.4–0.6 mm. Fruit: tip rounded. Seed: in 1 row, 1.3–1.8 mm, ovate-oblong, with abrupt, rounded point; papillae fine, low.
2n=28. Oak woodland, open ridges, gravelly streambeds, serpentine; 100–800 m. Klamath Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area; native to southern Europe. Spring–early summer [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Velezia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015

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click for enlargement Velezia rigida
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2001 CDFA

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Velezia rigida Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.