Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

ERICACEAE HEATH FAMILY

Gary D. Wallace, except as noted

Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4–5, generally free; petals generally (0)4–5, free or fused; stamens (2–5)8–10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1–5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
± 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. [Kron et al. 2002 Bot Rev 68:335–423] Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates. —Scientific Editors: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Ericaceae

VACCINIUM BLUEBERRY, HUCKLEBERRY
Shrub, [tree] glabrous to hairy, rhizomed or not, burls generally 0. Stem: trailing to erect. Leaf: cauline, alternate. Inflorescence: raceme or flowers 1, bracted; bud scales present; bractlets generally 2. Flower: sepals 4–5, 2/3 to fully fused; corolla cylindric to urn- or cup-shaped, petals generally 4–5, ± 2/3 fused, generally white; stamens 8 or 10, filaments generally glabrous, anthers elongate, awned or not, dehiscing by pores on small tubes; ovary inferior, chambers 4–5, or appearing 10 by intrusion of ovary wall, placentas axile, stigma head-like. Fruit: berry. Seed: generally many.
400+ species: temperate northern hemisphere, tropical mountains, Africa. (Latin: for Vaccinium myrtillus L.)
Unabridged references: [Vander Kloet 1988 The genus Vaccinium in North America]
Unabridged note: Vaccinium oxycoccos L. reported from California; records lacking.

Key to Vaccinium

V. ovatum Pursh CALIFORNIA HUCKLEBERRY
NATIVE
Shrub, hairy, rhizome 0. Stem: erect, 5–30 dm, stout, generally not rooting; twigs not angled, ± gray. Leaf: evergreen, 2–5 cm, elliptic to lanceolate, leathery, serrate, abaxially with sparse, dark glandular hairs, veins not prominent. Inflorescence: umbel-like, axillary, dense; pedicel jointed to flower, bractlets 2. Flower: sepals 5, fused at base, lobes deltate; corolla < 8 mm, urn-shaped, lobes < tube, erect to spreading when anthers open; filaments ± hairy, anthers often short-awned. Fruit: 6–9 mm, black, glaucous or not.
2n=24. Edges, clearings in conifer forest; 3–800 m. North Coast, Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, n Channel Islands (Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa islands), Western Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges (uncommon); to British Columbia. Mar–May [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Vaccinium membranaceum
Next taxon: Vaccinium parvifolium

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 30 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Vaccinium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=47685, accessed on Jul 30 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


click for enlargement Vaccinium ovatum
See CalPhotos for additional images
2004 Steve Matson

Bioregions in which Vaccinium ovatum occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
View elevation by latitude chart Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.