Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

LAURACEAE LAUREL FAMILY

Henk van der Werff

[Shrub], tree, [parasitic vine], generally evergreen, aromatic; [dioecious or ± so]. Leaf: generally alternate, simple, unlobed [(lobed)], entire, generally thick; stipules 0. Inflorescence: [(flowers 1, head), raceme, panicle], umbel-like, enclosed by bracts [or not]. Flower: generally bisexual, generally ± yellow to ± green; hypanthium often calyx-tube-like, perianth parts in 2(3) whorls of 3, ± sepal-like; stamens [(3)]9[(12)], in whorls of 3, inner often with 2 stalked orange glands at base, 1 [or more] whorls often staminodes [or not], anthers [2] 4-celled, opening by uplifting valves; pistil 1, simple, ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style 1, very short. Fruit: ± berry, often with swollen hypanthium, sepals.
± 54 genera, ± 3500 species: widespread in tropics, less so in temperate; some cultivated (Laurus, laurel, bay; Persea, avocado; Cinnamomum, cinnamon, camphor). [Buzgo et al. 2007 Int J Plant Sci 168:261–284; Carpenter et al. 2007 Int J Plant Sci 168:1191–1198] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Buzgo, M., Chanderbali, A. S., Kim, S., Zheng, Z., Oppenheimer, D. G., Soltis, P. S., & Soltis, D. E. 2007. Floral developmental morphology of Persea americana (avocado, Lauraceae): The oddities of male organ identity. Int J Plant Sci 168:261–284; Carpenter, R. J., Jordan, G. J., & Hill, R. S. 2007. A toothed Lauraceae leaf from the early Eocene of Tasmania, Australia. Int J Plant Sci 168:1191–1198]

Key to Lauraceae

UMBELLULARIA CALIFORNIA BAY, CALIFORNIA LAUREL, PEPPERWOOD

1 sp.: western North America. (Latin: partial umbel, from inflorescence)

U. californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.
NATIVE
Stem: < 45 m, bark ± green to red-brown. Leaf: 3–10 cm, 1.5–3 cm wide, narrowly ovate to oblong, shiny, generally deep yellow-green, minute-gland-dotted, abaxially glabrous, sparse-appressed-hairy, or minute-gray-tomentose, adaxially glabrous; petiole < blade. Inflorescence: in upper axils, umbel-like, peduncled, 5–10-flowered, subtending bracts <= 7 mm. Flower: perianth parts 6, 3–4.5 mm, oblong-ovate; stamens 9, staminodes 3, < glands, anthers 4-celled. Fruit: generally 1, 2–2.5 cm, round-ovoid, ± green, dark purple when dry, olive-like.
2n=24. Common. Canyons, valleys, chaparral; < 1600 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley (Sutter Buttes), San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, scattered Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges; southern Oregon. [Umbellularia californica var. fresnensis Eastw.] Used in cooking, woodworking. Nov–May [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Known as Oregon myrtle in Oregon; used in cooking, woodworking. To some humans, oils TOXIC, aroma overwhelming.

Previous taxon: Umbellularia
Next taxon: Saururaceae

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 16 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Umbellularia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=47489, accessed on Apr 16 2014

Copyright © 2013 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


click for enlargement Umbellularia californica
See CalPhotos for additional images
Gladys Lucille Smith © 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Bioregions in which Umbellularia californica occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
View elevation by latitude chart Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.