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Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1–10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2–4, not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2–several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
10–11 genera, 60–70 species: western North America. [Pires & Sytsma 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1342–1359] —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Themidaceae
Corm spheric, tan; daughter corms sessile. Leaf: 1–3, generally narrow-lanceolate, keeled, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: umbel-like, open; bracts ± lanceolate, ± scarious; pedicels ± erect, generally > perianth; flowers generally many. Flower: perianth tube generally funnel-shaped, lobes generally ascending to spreading; stamens 6, attached to perianth tube at 1 level or alternately at 2 levels, equal or short alternating with long, filaments free, appendages forming crown or generally 0, anthers attached at middle, generally angled away from stigma; ovary stalked, style 1, stigma ± 3-lobed. Fruit: generally stalked, ovoid. Seed: ± spheric, black-crusted.Key to Triteleia
15 species: western North America, especially northern and central California. (Greek: 3 complete, for flower parts in 3s)
Unabridged references: [Hoover 1941 Amer Midl Naturalist 25:73–100]
Leaf: 10–30 cm, 3–11 mm wide. Inflorescence: scape 10–35 cm, smooth; pedicels 15–40 mm, slender. Flower: perianth 18–24 mm, pale yellow, drying ± purple, tube 8–12 mm, ± cylindric to narrowly funnel-shaped, lobes 8–12 mm, spreading; stamens attached at 1 level, unequal, filaments ± 2 mm and ± 3.5 mm, narrow-triangular, tip appendages 0 or short, blunt, anthers ± 1 mm, lavender; ovary = stalk.
n=8. Subalpine forest; 1200–3500 m. c&s High Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Transverse Ranges. Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Triteleia crocea
Next taxon: Triteleia grandiflora
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 23 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Triteleia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=47349, accessed on Apr 23 2014
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