|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to ± fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0–5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1–2, placentas 2–4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2–4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. [Bennett & Matthews 2006 Amer J Bot 93:1039–1051] High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Orobanchaceae
Annual, green to yellow-brown or ± purple; generally ascending-branched. Leaf: alternate or ± basal, sessile, ± linear, distal finely divided. Inflorescence: spike and/or flowers solitary in axils; bracts generally leaf-like. Flower: calyx ± equally 4-lobed; corolla tube generally slender, upper lip folded lengthwise, tip of upper 2 corolla lobes open, opening directed forward, forming a beak, lower lip deeply 3-pouched, 3-toothed, throat abruptly generally indented forming a fold proximal to lower lip; stamens 4, anther sac 1 per stamen, generally included; stigma generally slightly enlarged, entire to slightly 2-lobed. Seed: 20–80, 0.8–1.2 mm, ovoid, attached at base, dark brown; coat netted, generally tight-fitting.Key to Triphysaria
6 species: western North America, China. (Greek: 3 bladders, from lower lip pouches) [Chuang & Heckard 1991 Syst Bot 16:644–666] Hybrids common. Related to Castilleja, Orthocarpus; isolated reproductively.
Unabridged references: [Hong 1996 Novon 6:372–374]
Plant 5–15 cm, generally ± dark purple, glabrous proximally, puberulent, glandular- and nonglandular-hairy distally. Leaf: 7–25 mm, 0–5-lobed. Inflorescence: 3–6 cm, slender, ± open; bracts 8–15 mm, 3–5-lobed, long-hairy. Flower: calyx 6–7 mm, divided 1/3–2/3, hairy; corolla 8–15 mm, yellow, beak dark purple, 1 mm > lower lip, marked dark purple, pouches 1–2 mm deep; stigma slightly 2-lobed. Fruit: 4–5 mm. Seed: 50–80, dark brown; coat loose-fitting.
Grassland; < 1000 m. c&s Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Joaquin Valley, c Central Coast, South Coast Ranges. Mar–May [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Orthocarpus micranthus Greene ex A. Heller; Orthocarpus bidwelliae A. Gray var. micranthus A. Gray; Orthocarpus erianthus var. micranthus (A. Gray) Jeps.]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: Triphysaria micrantha (Greene ex A. Heller) T.I. Chuang & Heckard
Previous taxon: Triphysaria floribunda
Next taxon: Triphysaria pusilla
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 29 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Triphysaria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=47295, accessed on Jul 29 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2006 Steve Matson
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Triphysaria micrantha|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month