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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures.
Stem: generally round in ×-section.
Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to ± fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0.
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils.
Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0–5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1–2, placentas 2–4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2.
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2–4.
Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially n temperate and Africa. [Bennett & Matthews 2006 Amer J Bot 93:1039–1051] High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Medit, Middle East, and e Europe. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Orobanchaceae
Annual, green to yellow-brown or ± purple; generally ascending-branched.Key to Triphysaria
Leaf: alternate or ± basal, sessile, ± linear, distal finely divided.
Inflorescence: spike and/or flowers solitary in axils; bracts generally leaf-like.
Flower: calyx ± equally 4-lobed; corolla tube generally slender, upper lip folded lengthwise, tip of upper 2 corolla lobes open, opening directed forward, forming a beak, lower lip deeply 3-pouched, 3-toothed, throat abruptly generally indented forming a fold proximal to lower lip; stamens 4, anther sac 1 per stamen, generally included; stigma generally slightly enlarged, entire to slightly 2-lobed.
Seed: 20–80, 0.8–1.2 mm, ovoid, attached at base, dark brown; coat netted, generally tight-fitting.
6 species: w North America, China. (Greek: 3 bladders, from lower lip pouches) [Chuang & Heckard 1991 Syst Bot 16:644–666] Hybrids common. Related to Castilleja, Orthocarpus; isolated reproductively.
Unabridged references: [Hong 1996 Novon 6:372–374]
Plant 10–30 cm, yellow-brown, ± glabrous or sparsely stiff-hairy.
Leaf: 10–40 mm, 5–9-lobed.
Inflorescence: generally 1–5 cm, dense; bracts 5–12 mm, 3–7-lobed, ± glabrous.
Flower: calyx 4–6 mm, divided 1/4–1/2; corolla 10–14 mm, creamy white, tube glabrous, lower lip ± = beak, pouches ± 2 mm deep; stamens exserted.
Fruit: 4–5 mm.
Seed: 20–30, dark brown.
Coastal grassland, serpentine slopes; < 200 m. n Central Coast, w San Francisco Bay Area (Marin, San Mateo cos.).
Previous taxon: Triphysaria eriantha subsp. rosea
Next taxon: Triphysaria micrantha
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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