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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, ± 2500 species: worldwide. [Haberle et al. 2008 J Molec Evol 66:350–361] Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lammers 2007 World Checklist and Bibliography of Campanulaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.]
Key to Campanulaceae
Annual; roots fibrous; hairs sparse, stiff, reflexed. Stem: erect, generally 5–40 cm, 4-angled, branches from base or 0. Leaf: cauline, thin, serrate, sessile except lowest ± short-petioled. Inflorescence: flowers 1–several in axils of bracts, sessile. Flower: lower cleistogamous; sepals spreading, narrowly triangular, not leaf-like; corolla rotate, lobes deep blue to blue-violet; stamen base wide, ciliate; ovary inferior, elliptic to obovoid, distal 50% papillate. Fruit: opening by lateral pores. Seed: ± 0.5 mm, widely elliptic.Key to Triodanis
7–8 species: North America, 1 Mediterranean. (Greek: 3 teeth)
Unabridged references: [McVaugh 1945 Wrightia 1:13–52]
Leaf: generally 8–11 mm, abaxial veins conspicuous, tip blunt. Flower: open in upper >> 3 bract axils; corolla 8–10 mm, lobes 6–8 mm; stamens 3.5 mm; ovary 5–10 mm, style 4.5 mm. Fruit: pores near or below middle.
Disturbed areas; < ± 1500 m. Northwestern California, n High Sierra Nevada (Plumas Co.), Sacramento Valley (Sutter Buttes), Southwestern California (uncommon); to eastern United States, South America. Jun–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Triodanis biflora
Next taxon: Cannabaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 8 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Triodanis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=47266, accessed on Oct 8 2015
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© 2006 Vince Scheidt
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Triodanis perfoliata|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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