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Annual, perennial herb, rhizomed or dense-tufted, terrestrial or aquatic. Leaf: generally ± basal, alternate, ± flat to narrow-cylindric; sheath open, generally liguled. Inflorescence: spike or generally ± scapose raceme; bracts 0. Flower: generally bisexual; perianth parts generally 6 in 2 whorls (0, 1) [3, 4], free, ± green or tinged ± red-purple; stamens 0, 1, 3, or 6, filaments short, ± fused to perianth; pistil 1, carpels 1, 6 [3, 4], ± fused, separating in fruit [or not], each with 1 chamber and 1 ovule or 3 carpels fertile, 3 sterile, placentas basal, stigmas generally ± sessile. Fruit: achene or generally mericarps.
3 genera, 30 species: temperate, circumboreal, Australia, southern Africa, South America. [Haynes & Hellquist 2000 FNANM 22:43–46; von Mering & Kadereit 2010 in Seberg (ed.), Diversity, Phylogeny, and Evolution in the Monocotyledons, Aarhus Univ Press] Lilaea included in Triglochin. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [von Mering, S., Kadereit, J.W. (2010): Phylogeny, systematics and recircumscription of Juncaginaceae - a cosmopolitan wetland family. In Seberg, O. (ed.), Diversity, Phylogeny, and Evolution in the Monocotyledons: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Comparative Biology of the Monocotyledons. Aarhus University Press.]
Plant ± glabrous. Leaf: basal, ± tufted; sheath membranous; ligule tip entire to 2-lobed . Flower: perianth parts generally adaxially concave; anthers ± sessile; stigma papillate or ± plumose. Fruit: achene or generally 3, 6 mericarps. Seed: 1, linear, ± flat or angled.Key to Triglochin
± 20 species: temperate, circumboreal, Australia, southern Africa, South America. (Greek: 3 points, from fruits of some) TOXIC when fresh, from cyanogenic compounds.
Perennial herb 1–6 dm, loose-tufted to mat-forming; rhizomes often creeping, ± slender. Leaf: 5–30 cm, generally 1–2 mm wide, ± round or semicircular in ×-section; ligule 0.5–1.5 mm, tip deep-2-lobed. Inflorescence: aerial raceme, >= leaves; pedicels 3–7 mm in fruit, ascending. Flower: perianth parts generally 6, 1–2 mm; stamens generally 6; fertile carpels 6. Fruit: mericarps 6, 3–6(7) mm, fully separating, abaxially smooth or weak-ridged. Some authors merge Triglochin concinna, Triglochin maritima, but plants of northern Central Coast very different in habit, stature, and grow together without intergrading. Some plants of interior may be more difficult to distinguish from Triglochin maritima, need study. [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Triglochin
Next taxon: Triglochin concinna var. concinna
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 16 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Triglochin, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=47195, accessed on Apr 16 2014
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