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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1–few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4–5, generally fused at base; corolla 4–5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1–2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, 2–4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
110 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Plantaginaceae
Annual. Stem: erect, slender, branched. Leaf: opposite, entire to 3-lobed. Inflorescence: raceme, bracted. Flower: calyx well developed, deeply 5-lobed; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed (middle lobe wider than lateral); stamens 4, equal, exserted, filaments hairy; stigmas fused. Fruit: loculicidal, spheric to ovoid. Seed: large, wingless.
2 species: North America. (Derivation unknown)
Stem: ascending, 5–30 cm. Leaf: 10–15 mm; adaxial face soft-shaggy-hairy; proximal leaves petioled, ovate to round, becoming sessile distally on stem, entire to deeply 3-lobed or ternate. Inflorescence: minutely glandular-hairy distally; bracts lanceolate, subtending 1–3 flowers; pedicels 8–15 mm. Flower: calyx < 3 mm, lobes < 2 mm, tips acute to obtuse, minutely ciliate; corolla 2–2.5 mm, upper lobes < lower, white proximally, blue or violet distally, often with purple spots. Fruit: 2–2.5 mm. Seed: 1 per chamber, < 1.5 mm.
Moist, shaded places in chaparral, oak and mixed woodland; < 1600 m. Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, n High Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area; to Washington. Mar–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Tonella
Next taxon: Veronica
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 25 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Tonella, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=46732, accessed on Jul 25 2014
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© 2004 Norman Jensen
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