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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub, or non-green root parasite, generally bristly or sharp-hairy.
Stem: prostrate to erect.
Leaf: cauline, often with basal rosette, simple or compound, generally alternate.
Inflorescence: cymes, generally elongate, panicle-, raceme-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally uncoiled in fruit, or heads, spikes, or panicles, or flowers 1–2 per axil.
Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla generally (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, appendages 0 or 5 at top of tube, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched.
Fruit: nutlets 1–4, free ( fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not, or valvate or circumscissile capsule.
± 120 genera, ± 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially w North America, Medit; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum). Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. [Olmsted et al. 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. —Scientific Editors: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Boraginaceae
Annual to subshrub, variously hairy, glandular or not; ± taprooted, rhizome generally 0.Key to Tiquilia
Leaf: cauline, generally clustered, evergreen, petioled, margin rolled under, entire or ± crenate.
Inflorescence: ± axillary; flowers 1 or clustered, sessile.
Flower: radial to ± bilateral; calyx lobes 5, not enlarged in fruit; corolla generally ± funnel-shaped, tube yellow in youth, appendages 0; style 2-lobed, stigmas 2.
Fruit: nutlets 1–4, not separate to base, 4-grooved to deep-4-lobed, ± tubercled or not.
27 species: w hemisphere deserts. (Native South America name for flower)
Unabridged references: [Richardson 1977 Rhodora 79:467–572]
Unabridged note: Separated from Coldenia of e hemisphere prior to TJM (1993).
Perennial, not woody, matted; rhizomed.
Stem: branches opposite, ± glandular.
Leaf: clustered, white- canescent; blade 3–12 mm, obovate to wide- ovate, margin entire, lateral veins 4–7 pairs, deeply sunken.
Inflorescence: flowers clustered in leaf axils; bracts 0.
Flower: calyx 2–3 mm, lobes ± free, hairs within long; corolla 4–6 mm, 2–3 mm diam, blue to lavender; style > calyx, branched 1/2–4/5.
Fruit: deeply 4-lobed; nutlets ovoid, smooth, shiny.
n=8. Dunes, sandy gravel flats; < 1100 m. Desert;
Previous taxon: Tiquilia palmeri
Next taxon: Tricardia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
Copyright © 2012 Regents of the University of California
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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