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Perennial herb from caudex or rhizome, generally ± hairy. Stem: often ± leafy on proximal 1/2, rarely trailing and leafy throughout. Leaf: generally simple, basal and/or cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins ± palmate. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, generally ± scapose. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to ± fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens 3, , 5, 8, or 10; pistils 1 (carpels ± fused, ovary lobed, chambers 1 or 2, placentas generally 2(3), axile or parietal or occasionally proximally axile and distally marginal in ovary lobes) or 2 (carpels free, placentas marginal), ovary nearly superior to inferior, occasionally more superior in fruit, styles generally 2(3). Fruit: capsule (generally 2(3)-beaked, valves generally 2(3), generally equal) or 2 follicles. Seed: generally many, small.
± 30 genera, 600 species: especially northern temperate, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia, Darmera, Heuchera, Saxifraga, Tellima, Tolmiea). [Soltis et al. 2001 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 88:669–693; Okuyama et al. 2008 Molec Phylogen Evol 46:560–575] California Mitella moved to Mitellastra, Ozomelis, Pectiantia; Suksdorfia ranunculifolia to Hemieva. Parnassia moved to Parnassiaceae. —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Soltis 1988 Syst Bot 13:64–72]
Key to Saxifragaceae
1 sp. (Anagram of Mitella)
Plant 40–100 cm, hairy, sparsely glandular; rhizome scaly; bulblets 0. Leaf: basal and cauline, distal reduced; stipules ± 5 mm, membranous, ± sheathing, ciliate to toothed; petiole 3–30 cm; blade 2–10 cm, ovate, base cordate, clasping above, lobes shallow, teeth sharp. Inflorescence: spike-like raceme, generally 1-sided; flowers many; bracts scale-like; pedicel 2–5 mm. Flower: fragrant or not; hypanthium partly fused to ovary; calyx lobes 2–3 mm, ± elliptic; petals 3–7 mm, lobes ± 5–7, linear, ± green-white to rose or red, ephemeral; stamens 10; pistil 1, ovary > 1/2-inferior, chamber 1, placentas 2, parietal. Fruit: capsule.
2n=14. Moist slopes; < 2000 m. Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, n High Sierra Nevada, n Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area; to Alaska, Montana. Apr–Jul [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: Tellima grandiflora (Pursh) Douglas ex Lindl.
Previous taxon: Tellima
Next taxon: Tiarella
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 18 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Tellima, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=46142, accessed on Apr 18 2014
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© 2006 Aaron Schusteff
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