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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Shrub or tree, evergreen; dioecious. Leaf: alternate, linear, decurrent, tip acute; not in bundles, generally appearing 2-ranked. Pollen cone: with stamen-like structures. Seed: 1 at tip of short twig, partly or completely enclosed by subtending aril; coat woody; cotyledons 2.
5 genera, 16 species: northern hemisphere; some Taxus species widely used in landscaping. [Florin 1948 Bot Gaz 110:31–39] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Taxaceae
Shrub, small tree. Stem: trunk generally of irregular width; branches ± drooping; wood not aromatic. Pollen cone: 4–8 stamen-like structures in a stalked cluster.
± 7 species: northern hemisphere. (Latin, probably from Greek: bow, for which wood used) [Spjut 2007 J Bot Res Inst Texas 1:203–289]
Stem: trunk to 18(25) m, < 0.6(1.2) m wide; bark shredding, outer scales ± purple to ± purple-brown, inner scales ± red to ± red-purple. Leaf: pale green adaxially, shiny ± yellow-green abaxially. Seed: 5–6.5 mm, ovoid; coat smooth.
Generally dense, mixed-evergreen forest, lower slopes or canyon bottoms; 10–2150 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n&c Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area; to Alaska, western Montana. [Taxus brevifolia var. polychaeta Spjut; Taxus brevifolia var. reptaneta Spjut; Taxus brevifolia Nutt. var. brevifolia] See Spjut (2007) for alternative treatment of Taxus in California. [Online Interchange]
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Next taxon: Torreya
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 28 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Taxus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=46109, accessed on Nov 28 2015
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© 2007 Dr. Mark S. Brunell
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Taxus brevifolia|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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