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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1–few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4–5, generally fused at base; corolla 4–5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1–2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, 2–4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
110 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Plantaginaceae
Perennial herb, rhizomed. Leaf: basal, deciduous to persistent, long-petioled; blade ovate to round, base acute to cordate, tip acute to rounded, margin serrate, some deeply cut to pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: scapose; axillary raceme fusiform to conical, dense to open; flowers 5–100, bracts subtending flowers or not. Flower: bilateral; sepals 2–4, fused laterally; petals 3–4 or 0, fused basally, bell-shaped [2-lipped], blue to purple-blue or white; stamens 2, epipetalous, exserted; stigmas 2, fused, minutely capped, ovules 2–16. Fruit: loculicidal, laterally flattened, notched at tip. Seed: flattened front-to-back or ± cupped, oval; coat net-like, brown.Key to Synthyris
19 species: North America. (Greek: united door, from basally united valves of fruit)
Leaf: petiole <= 13 cm; blade <= 7.5 cm, <= 8.5 cm wide, widely ovate, base lobed, tip obtuse to rounded. Inflorescence: raceme, curved to reclining on soil in fruit, <= 18 cm; flowers < 15. Flower: corolla <= 10 mm, blue, tube long-soft-wavy-hairy; filaments <= 9 mm; style <= 11 mm; ovules 4. Fruit: <= 4 mm, <= 9 mm wide; sparsely hairy. Seed: slightly cupped.
2n=24. Moist forest; < 1500 m. Northwestern California, San Francisco Bay Area; to Washington. Feb–Jun [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: Synthyris reniformis (Douglas ex Benth.) Benth.
Previous taxon: Synthyris missurica subsp. missurica
Next taxon: Tonella
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 8 2013
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Synthyris, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=45996, accessed on Dec 8 2013
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© 2003 Craig Smith
|Bioregions in which Synthyris reniformis occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in eFlora and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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