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CAPRIFOLIACEAE HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY

Charles D. Bell, family description, key to genera

Subshrub to small tree or vine. Leaf: opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0. Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, drupe.
5 genera, 220 species: especially northern temperate. [Backlund & Pyck 1998 Taxon 47:657–661] Linnaea moved to Linnaeaceae; Sambucus and Viburnum to Adoxaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Caprifoliaceae

SYMPHORICARPOS WAXBERRY, SNOWBERRY

Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster

Shrub. Stem: decumbent to erect, slender. Leaf: simple, deciduous, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets. Flower: ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectary glands [1]5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped. Fruit: drupe, generally berry-like, white to pink. Seed: 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex.
± 10 species: North America, 1 in China. (Greek: to bear fruit together, berries borne in clusters)
Unabridged references: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201 252]

Key to Symphoricarpos

S. mollis Nutt. CREEPING SNOWBERRY, TRIP VINE
NATIVE
Plant sprawling, 1.5–6 dm, ± glabrous to soft-hairy. Stem: branches often rooting; root-crowns, old nodes often becoming swollen. Leaf: blade 0.5–3 cm. Inflorescence: flowers 2–8. Flower: calyx limb spreading, divided 1/2; corolla ± 4 mm, bell-shaped, pink, often red outside, lobes ± erect, 1/2 corolla, hairy inside; nectary glands 5, 1 below each corolla lobe. Fruit: ± 8 mm, round. Seed: 2–4 mm.
Ridges, slopes, open places in woodland; 9–3000 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Southwestern California, Modoc Plateau; to British Columbia, Idaho, New Mexico. Apr–May [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Symphoricarpos acutus (A. Gray) Dieck; Symphoricarpos hesperius G.N. Jones]

Previous taxon: Symphoricarpos longiflorus
Next taxon: Symphoricarpos rotundifolius

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 2 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Symphoricarpos, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=45924, accessed on Sep 2 2014

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click for enlargement Symphoricarpos mollis
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2003 Steve Matson

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Symphoricarpos mollis Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.