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Key to families | Table of families and genera

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Charles D. Bell, family description, key to genera

Subshrub to small tree or vine. Leaf: opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0. Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, drupe.
5 genera, 220 species: especially northern temperate. [Backlund & Pyck 1998 Taxon 47:657–661] Linnaea moved to Linnaeaceae; Sambucus and Viburnum to Adoxaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Caprifoliaceae


Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster

Shrub. Stem: decumbent to erect, slender. Leaf: simple, deciduous, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets. Flower: ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectary glands [1]5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped. Fruit: drupe, generally berry-like, white to pink. Seed: 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex.
± 10 species: North America, 1 in China. (Greek: to bear fruit together, berries borne in clusters)
Unabridged references: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201 252]

Key to Symphoricarpos

S. longiflorus A. Gray FRAGRANT SNOWBERRY
Plant 9–12 dm, stiff, glabrous or puberulent, often dotted with minute glands. Stem: branches often spiny; young bark red or brown, old ± white, shredding. Leaf: blade 0.5–2 cm, entire, ± thick, lanceolate or not, ± blue, veins abaxially not prominent. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils or not. Flower: fragrant; calyx limb ± erect, unevenly, often shallowly lobed, sinuses often round; corolla 8–15 mm, ± salverform, pink or cream, tube slender, often red or purple outside, glabrous inside, lobes 1/5–1/4 corolla, spreading; nectary 1, long, slender; style generally hairy above middle. Fruit: ± 7 mm, narrowly elliptic, dry. Seed: ± 5 mm.
Among rocks; 1350–1600 m. Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains; to Colorado, Texas. May–Jun [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
Next taxon: Symphoricarpos mollis


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Symphoricarpos, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

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click for enlargement Symphoricarpos longiflorus
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2007 Steve Matson

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Symphoricarpos longiflorus Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.