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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb [to shrub, soft-wooded tree], hairs stinging and not [glabrous]; monoecious or dioecious; wind-pollinated. Leaf: alternate or opposite, generally stipuled, petioled, blade often with translucent, raised dots due to crystals in epidermal cells. Inflorescence: axillary, 1-flowered or head-, raceme-, or panicle-like. Flower: generally unisexual, small, ± green; sepals generally 4–5, free to fused; petals 0. Staminate flower: stamens generally 4–5, opposite sepals, incurved in bud, reflexing suddenly when flower opens. Pistillate flower: ovary 1, superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, stigma 1, generally hair-tufted. Fruit: generally achene.
50 genera, 700 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Boehmeria, ramie; Pilea, clearweed). [Boufford 1997 FNANM 3:400–413] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Miller 1971 J Arnold Arbor 52:40–68]
Key to Urticaceae
1 sp. (Captain J.F. Soleirol, collector especially in Corsica, 1781–1863)
Annual 2–30 cm, stems prostrate, generally mat-forming, stinging hairs 0. Leaf: alternate, 3–8 mm, oblong to ± round, oblique, entire; crystals generally elongate. Inflorescence: flowers 1, subtended by 3 winged bractlets, lower pistillate, upper staminate. Staminate flower: sepals 4, ± free; stamens 4. Pistillate flower: sepals fused. Fruit: achene, 0.8–1 mm, ovoid, shiny, enclosed by calyx, bractlets.
2n=20. Damp, shaded places; < 215 m. Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, s Channel Islands (San Nicolas Island); Baja California; native to Corsica, Sardinia. Ornamental, occasionally escaping from cultivation. Mar–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Soleirolia
Next taxon: Urtica
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 4 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Soleirolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=44928, accessed on May 4 2015
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© 2001 Tony Morosco
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Soleirolia soleirolii|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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