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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous.
Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate- compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not.
Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel.
Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5–many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1–2 × chamber number.
Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [ berry], or 5–many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553] Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Fl stalk" used instead of "pedicel", "peduncle", especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise). —Scientific Editors: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Alverson et al. 1999 Amer J Bot 86:1474–1486; Bayer et al. 1999 Bot J Linn Soc 129:267–303; Hill 2009 Madroño 56:104–111]
Key to Malvaceae
Annual [ perennial herb, shrub], [ glabrous or] hairy.Key to Sida
Leaf: petioled to subsessile; blade generally unlobed (to palmate-lobed), generally dentate.
Inflorescence: flowers 1–several in leaf axils; flowering stalks often jointed; bractlets 0.
Flower: petals pale- to orange-yellow [white]; stigmas head-like.
Fruit: segments generally 5–15, indehiscent, side walls firm, persistent, beaks generally 2, prominent.
Seed: 1 per segment, not enclosed by net-veined envelope.
150 species: tropics, subtrop, especially Am. (Greek: used by Theophrastus for other plant, applied to these by Linnaeus) [Fryxell 1988 Syst Bot Monogr 25:373–412] Sida abutifolia Mill. reported as possibly naturalized in CA.
Annual, stellate- puberulent.
Stem: 3–10 dm, stiff, straight, branches ascending.
Leaf: blade 2–4 cm, serrate, minutely stellate- puberulent, paler abaxially, glabrous adaxially.
Inflorescence: flowers 1–several in leaf axils.
Flower: calyx 5–7 mm, puberulent; petals ± 5 mm, > calyx; filament tube 2 mm, glabrous; styles 5, stigmas head-like.
Fruit: 4–5 mm diam, ± glabrous.
2n=14,28. Scarce; in disturbed places, fields; generally < 300 m. San Joaquin Valley;
Previous taxon: Sida rhombifolia
Next taxon: Sidalcea
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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