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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree, vine.
Leaf: generally opposite ( whorled), entire; stipules generally fused to stem, adjacent pairs occasionally fused, or occasionally leaf-like and appearing like whorled leaves.
Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, spike, cluster, or flower 1, generally terminal and ± axillary.
Flower: generally bisexual; calyx ± 4(5)-lobed, occasionally 0 (Galium, Crucianella) or 6 (Sherardia); corolla generally radial, 4(5)-lobed; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes, generally included; ovary generally inferior, chambers generally 2 or 4, style 1(2).
Fruit: drupe, berry, or 2 or 4 nutlets [ capsule].
± 500 genera, 6000 species: worldwide, especially tropics; many cultivated, including Coffea, coffee; Cinchona, quinine; many ornamental. [Robbrecht & Manen 2006 Syst & Geogr Plant 76:85–146] Diodia teres Walter doubtfully in CA. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Dempster 1979 Fl CA 4(2):1–47]
Key to Rubiaceae
1 sp. (Wm. Sherard, Dillenius' patron, John Ray's friend, 1659–1728)
Stem: decumbent, generally many-branched at base, 7–16 cm, 4-angled.
Leaf: whorls of 5–6; 4–13 mm, lanceolate or oblanceolate, margin thick, tip acute or weak-spined, stipules leaf-like.
Inflorescence: head, axillary, involucred; flowers sessile, generally 2–3, generally included in involucre; involucral bracts ± free, ± = leaves, generally < peduncle.
Flower: calyx lobes 6, persistent, tips ± dissected; corolla salverform, generally 4-lobed, pink or lavender; styles 2, thread-like, fused proximally.
Fruit: 2 nutlets; hairs soft.
2n=22. Pastures, disturbed areas, grassland, dry meadows, oak woodland; 10–1160 m. North Coast, Outer North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, n Sierra Nevada, Sacramento Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast;
Previous taxon: Sherardia
Next taxon: Rutaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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