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Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Shrub, tree; generally dioecious or flowers bisexual and unisexual; resin clear, often weathering black, generally aromatic, latex milky or 0. Leaf: simple to ternate- or odd-pinnate-compound, alternate, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; flowers generally many. Flower: generally unisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, base generally ± fused; petals 5, generally > sepals, free; (perianth parts 1–7 in Pistacia); stamens 4–7 or 10, vestigial in pistillate flowers; ovary superior, vestigial or 0 in staminate flowers, subtended by ± lobed, disk-like nectary, chamber generally 1, ovule generally 1, styles 1–3. Fruit: drupe-like, generally ± flat, sticky or not, hairs short or 0; pulp ± resinous, aromatic or not.
70+ genera, ± 850 species: tropics, warm temperate; some ornamental (Rhus, Schinus), cultivated for fruit (Anacardium, cashew; Mangifera, mango; Pistacia, pistachio). TOXIC: many genera produce contact dermatitis. [Yi et al. 2007 Syst Bot 32:379–391] —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Pell 2004 Ph.D. Dissertation, Louisiana State Univ, Baton Rouge; Cronquist et al. 1997 Anacardiaceae In: Intermountain Flora 3A:313–317; Wannan & Quinn 1991 Bot J Linn Soc 107:349–385; Wannan & Quinn 1990 Bot J Linn Soc 103:225–252; Ibe & Leis 1979 Bull Torrey Bot Club 106:140–144; Brizicky 1963 J Arnold Arbor 44:60–80]
Key to Anacardiaceae
Tree, branches ending in thorn or not; dioecious. Leaf: simple or compound; leaflets 5–20, ± leathery, ± resinous, entire to toothed. Inflorescence: panicle, axillary or terminal, open to ± dense; pedicels short. Flower: sepals, petals ± white to ± yellow; stamens 10, 2 whorls of 5, vestigial in pistillate flowers; styles 3, fused at base. Fruit: drupe, spheric, leathery, shiny, generally pink to red; pulp resinous to oily, aromatic.Key to Schinus
± 25 species: tropics, warm temperate South America. (Greek: ancient name) [Carmello-Guerreiro & Paoli 2002 Brazil Arch Biol Technol 45:73–79]
Unabridged references: [Las Penas et al. 2006 Arnaldoa 13(2):270–275; Randall 2000 In: Bossard et al., eds, Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands; Hoffmann 1998 Flora Silvestre de Chile, Zona Central, Claudio Gay Fundacion, Santiago; Sanders 1996 Madroño 43:530; Wannan & Quinn 1991 Bot J Linn Soc 107:349–385; Wannan & Quinn 1990 Bot J Linn Soc 103:225–252; Barkley 1957 Lilloa 28:5–110; Barkley 1944 Brittonia 5:160–198]
Plant < 5 m. Leaf: simple, blade 1.5–3 cm, 0.5–2 cm wide, oblong to oblanceolate, entire to wavy. Inflorescence: pedicel 2–5 mm in fruit. Flower: 4–5 mm. Fruit: 5 mm diam.
2n=28. Abandoned fields, slopes, scrub; < 1000 m. South Coast, Peninsular Ranges; weed in southeastern United States, native to South America. May–Sep [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Invasive weed in disturbed places, naturalized in native scrub.
Previous taxon: Schinus molle
Next taxon: Schinus terebinthifolius
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 6 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Schinus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=43506, accessed on Oct 6 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Schinus polygamus|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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