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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally ± scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally ± ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a ± conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally ± persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1–several per interval between ribs.
300 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Apiaceae
Biennial, perennial herb, rhizomed or tap- or tuberous-rooted, glabrous or minutely scabrous. Stem: generally spreading to erect. Leaf: blade oblong-ovate to obovate, entire to ternately, palmately, or pinnately lobed, dissected, or compound. Inflorescence: heads simple, in cymes or racemes, dense, of bisexual and staminate (staminate only) flowers; bracts entire or lobed, < to > heads; bisexual flowers pedicelled or not, staminate generally long-pedicelled. Flower: calyx lobes prominent, persistent, occasionally fused; petals wide, yellow, purple, or ± white (pale red-orange), tips narrowed, generally lobed; styles long or short; ovary tip projection 0. Fruit: oblong-ovate to round, ± compressed side-to-side; fruit-halves ± cylindric, prickly to scaly or tubercled; ribs 0; oil tubes evident or obscure, regularly or irregularly arranged; fruit central axis not obvious. Seed: face flat or grooved.Key to Sanicula
± 40 species: temperate, ± worldwide. (Latin: to heal) [Bell 1954 Univ Calif Publ Bot 27:133–230]
Plant 5–30 cm, slender, taprooted. Stem: generally branched near base. Leaf: simple, palmately or ± ternately lobed, green; blade 1.5–4 cm, ovate to round, lobes 0–5, margins sharply angled, teeth generally ± 2 mm, central lobe generally > 10 mm wide at base. Inflorescence: peduncle 1.5–8 cm; bracts ± 10, < heads, lanceolate to ovate; pedicel of bisexual flower 0, staminate 1.5 mm. Flower: bisexual 4–8, staminate 10–12; calyx lobes fused proximal to middle, 0.5–0.8 mm, ovate, acute; corolla yellow; styles 2 × calyx lobes. Fruit: 2–4 mm wide, ovate to ± round; prickles slender, curved, ± bulbous-based distally, poorly developed proximally. Seed: face grooved.
2n=16. Coastal, open or shrubby slopes, woodland; 30–900 m. North Coast, North Coast Ranges, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges; southern Oregon. Mar–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Sanicula hoffmannii
Next taxon: Sanicula maritima
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 8 2013
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Sanicula, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=43175, accessed on Dec 8 2013
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© 2009 Jorg Fleige
|Bioregions in which Sanicula laciniata occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in eFlora and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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