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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub [ tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic.
Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled.
Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted.
Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled.
Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2.
Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
± 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cult as ornamental (in CA Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). [Harley et al. 2004 Fam Generally Vasc Plant 7:167–275] Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in CA. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; CA Satureja moved to Clinopodium. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Lamiaceae
Annual to shrub.Key to Salvia
Leaf: entire to lobed or toothed, generally not spine-tipped.
Inflorescence: clusters generally many-flowered, generally head-like, generally ± spheric, generally involucred, generally surrounding nodes in generally ± spike-like, generally interrupted panicles, or flowers 1–several per leaf axil.
Flower: calyx generally 2-lipped, upper lip entire or of 3 generally shallow, occasionally spine-tipped lobes, lower lip generally of 2 generally spine-tipped lobes; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed to entire, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes, middle lobe generally expanded; fertile stamens 2, attached in throat, anther sacs 1–2 per stamen, if 2 then separate on thread-like structure with 1 fertile, > other; style forked at tip.
± 900 species: ± worldwide, especially tropics, subtropical America. (Latin: to save, from medicinal use) [Walker & Sytsma 2007 Ann Bot 100:375–391] Polyphyletic (taxonomic revision needed); CA natives in monophyletic sect. Audibertia. All species good bee fodder; seeds edible, a traditional food of native Californians. Historical waifs, Salvia microphylla Kunth last collected in CA in 1943, Salvia verbenacea L. in 1936.
Shrub < 2.5 m.
Stem: hairs simple, nonglandular, appressed.
Leaf: 1.3–5 cm; blade oblanceolate to obovate, puckered, adaxially ± glabrous, abaxially densely hairy.
Inflorescence: clusters 1–1.5 cm wide; bracts 7–30 mm, > calyx, lanceolate, leaf-like.
Flower: calyx 3–6 mm, upper lip entire or minutely 3-lobed; corolla tube 7–15 mm, dark blue, upper lip 2-lobed, ± 2 mm, lower lip ± 2 × upper; stamens included; style exserted.
Fruit: ± 1 mm, dark brown.
2n=30. Coastal-sage scrub, lower chaparral; < 800 m. s Peninsular Ranges (San Miguel Mtns, San Diego Co.);
Previous taxon: Salvia mohavensis
Next taxon: Salvia pachyphylla
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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