Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

SOLANACEAE NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael H. Nee

Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]

Key to Solanaceae

SALPICHROA
Perennial herb from rhizome. Leaf: fleshy, entire. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils. Flower: calyx deeply lobed; corolla lobes < tube; stamens ± included, anthers converging toward style, oblong; style 1, thread-like, stigma head-like. Fruit: berry, fleshy. Seed: many, compressed.
15 species: South America, especially Andes. (Greek: trumpet color)

S. origanifolia (Lam.) Baill.
NATURALIZED
Plant < 2 m, decumbent to climbing, hairy. Leaf: 10–35 mm; petiole 5–10 mm; blade widely elliptic to ovate, ± glabrous. Inflorescence: pedicel 3–14 mm. Flower: calyx lobes 2–3 mm; corolla urn-shaped, white or ± green, with a densely woolly ring adaxially, lobes 2–3 mm, triangular; anthers 1.5–2 mm, ± exserted; disk below ovary, brick-red. Fruit: 10–15 mm, ovoid, white or pale yellow, ill-smelling.
n=12. Disturbed places; < 100 m. North Coast, w Central Western California, South Coast; to Texas, northern Mexico; Europe; native to South America. Jul–Oct [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Salpichroa
Next taxon: Solanum

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Salpichroa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=43020, accessed on Oct 22 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Salpichroa origanifolia Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.