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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]
Key to Solanaceae
Perennial herb from rhizome. Leaf: fleshy, entire. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils. Flower: calyx deeply lobed; corolla lobes < tube; stamens ± included, anthers converging toward style, oblong; style 1, thread-like, stigma head-like. Fruit: berry, fleshy. Seed: many, compressed.
15 species: South America, especially Andes. (Greek: trumpet color)
Plant < 2 m, decumbent to climbing, hairy. Leaf: 10–35 mm; petiole 5–10 mm; blade widely elliptic to ovate, ± glabrous. Inflorescence: pedicel 3–14 mm. Flower: calyx lobes 2–3 mm; corolla urn-shaped, white or ± green, with a densely woolly ring adaxially, lobes 2–3 mm, triangular; anthers 1.5–2 mm, ± exserted; disk below ovary, brick-red. Fruit: 10–15 mm, ovoid, white or pale yellow, ill-smelling.
n=12. Disturbed places; < 100 m. North Coast, w Central Western California, South Coast; to Texas, northern Mexico; Europe; native to South America. Jul–Oct [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Salpichroa
Next taxon: Solanum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 16 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Salpichroa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=43020, accessed on Apr 16 2014
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