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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub, or non-green root parasite, generally bristly or sharp-hairy.
Stem: prostrate to erect.
Leaf: cauline, often with basal rosette, simple or compound, generally alternate.
Inflorescence: cymes, generally elongate, panicle-, raceme-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally uncoiled in fruit, or heads, spikes, or panicles, or flowers 1–2 per axil.
Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla generally (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, appendages 0 or 5 at top of tube, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched.
Fruit: nutlets 1–4, free ( fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not, or valvate or circumscissile capsule.
± 120 genera, ± 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially w North America, Medit; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum). Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. [Olmsted et al. 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. —Scientific Editors: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Boraginaceae
Annual, perennial herb, ± scapose, base bulb-like or from tubers; herbage ± glabrous to generally sparse-soft-hairy.Key to Romanzoffia
Leaf: simple; basal long-petioled, reniform to round, shallow-lobed or toothed; cauline few, reduced, alternate.
Inflorescence: open; pedicels present.
Flower: corolla > calyx, bell- to funnel-shaped, white, generally yellow in throat; stamens included, subequal; ovary chambers appearing 2, style 1, thread-like, included, ± 2-lobed.
Fruit: capsule, oblong to ovoid.
Seed: many, ovoid, angled, brown, pitted.
5 species: CA, AK, MT, w Can. (Count N.P. Romanzoff, 1754–1826, promoter of Russian expedition to CA in 1816)
Plant 10–30 cm; tubers 0.
Leaf: petioles 1–6 cm, widened at base, overlapped, forming bulbous base of stem, generally ciliate; blades 1–4 cm wide.
Inflorescence: exceeding leaves, glandular or not; pedicels slender, 1–3 cm in fruit.
Flower: calyx lobes 2–4 mm, oblong, generally obtuse, glabrous, glandular or not; corolla 5–11 mm; ovary sparse-soft-hairy, glandular, style 2–5 mm.
Fruit: 4–7 mm.
n=11. Uncommon. Moist clefts in rocks, mtns; 1700–2100 m. Klamath Ranges;
Previous taxon: Romanzoffia californica
Next taxon: Romanzoffia tracyi
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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