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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3–6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, generally free; stamens generally 5–many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, generally ± persistent as beak, ovules 1–many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, ± utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1–many-seeded.
± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). [Whittemore & Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3:85–271] Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Ranunculaceae
Annual, perennial herb, occasionally from stolons or caudices, terrestrial or aquatic; roots generally fibrous. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal, cauline, or both, alternate, generally reduced upward; petiole base flat, stipule-like or not; basal, proximal cauline petioles generally long; blades simple to dissected or compound, entire to toothed. Inflorescence: cyme, axillary or terminal, 1–few-flowered. Flower: sepals 3–5(6), generally early-deciduous, generally green to yellow or purple; petals 0–17[(150)], shiny, generally yellow, occasionally white or purple, nectaries near base, pocket-like or with flap-like scale; anthers yellow; pistils generally many. Fruit: achene, compressed or not, ± spheric, disk-like (width 3–15 × depth), or lenticular (width 1–2 × depth), beaked.Key to Ranunculus
± 300 species: worldwide except lowland tropics; some ornamental. (Latin: small frog, from wet habitats)
Unabridged etymology: (Latin: diminutive of Rana, frog, from wet habitats)
Annual, biennial 10–40 cm, erect or ascending, not bulbous-based; roots basal, not tuberous. Leaf: basal, proximal cauline 1.8–5.2 cm, 1.6–4.2 cm wide, obovate to wedge-shaped, deeply lobed or dissected, leaflets oblanceolate, divided into entire or distally dentate, oblanceolate or linear segments or not, leaflet base narrowly acuminate, tip rounded, dentate or acuminate. Flower: receptacle sparsely bristly; sepals 5, spreading, 4–7 mm, 1–2 mm wide, early-deciduous; petals 5, 5–8 mm, 2–4 mm wide. Fruit: body 4–6.4 mm, 8–9 mm wide, disk-like, wall spiny; beak 1.6–3.8 mm, straight, lanceolate to awl-shaped.
Roadsides, fields, disturbed areas; < 1000 m. Klamath Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley, Modoc Plateau; to Washington, New York, South America, Australia; native to Eurasia. Apr–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Ranunculus aquatilis var. diffusus
Next taxon: Ranunculus bonariensis var. trisepalus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 11 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Ranunculus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=40860, accessed on Mar 11 2014
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