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Key to families | Table of families and genera
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Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Caryophyllaceae
Perennial herb, sprawling to erect, rhizomed. Leaf: blade linear to ± lanceolate or elliptic; vein 1. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; flowers 1–many. Flower: hypanthium 0; sepals 5, free, 3–7 mm, lanceolate to ± ovate, glandular-hairy or glabrous, margin scarious; petals 5, 5–9.5 mm, 2-lobed < 1/5 to base; stamens on ovary base; styles 3, 2–4.5 mm. Fruit: capsule, spheric; valves 3, ± 2–3 × recoiled. Seed: 1–2, red-brown to brown.Key to Pseudostellaria
21 species: western United States, Europe, central and eastern Asia. (Latin: false Stellaria) [Hartman & Rabeler 2005 FNANM 5:114–116]
Unabridged references: [Weber & Hartman 1979 Phytologia 44:313–314; Rabeler & Hartman 2002 Novon 12:82–86]
Plant 12–45 cm, glandular-hairy, at least above; rhizomes with spheric to elongate, tuber-like thickenings 3–12 mm diam. Stem: simple to much-branched, ascending to erect, 4-angled. Leaf: 15–150 mm, ± smaller above, thick; margin ± smooth to roughened. Inflorescence: pedicels in fruit recurved to reflexed from base. Seed: 2–3.4 mm.
2n=96. Meadows, sagebrush-grassland, dry understory of conifer forest; 1400–2700 m. Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada (except n Sierra Nevada Foothills), Western Transverse Ranges, Modoc Plateau; to Washington, Montana, Colorado, Texas. Summer [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Pseudostellaria
Next taxon: Pseudostellaria sierrae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 17 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Pseudostellaria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=40059, accessed on Apr 17 2014
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