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Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted

Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1–few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4–5, generally fused at base; corolla 4–5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1–2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2–4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
110 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Plantaginaceae


Bruce G. Baldwin

1 sp. (false Orontium, a sect. of Antirrhinum). [Oyama & Baum 2004 Amer J Bot 91:918–925]

P. cyathiferum (Benth.) Rothm. DEEP CANYON SNAPDRAGON
Annual, herbage glandular-sticky-hairy. Stem: erect, self-supporting, 1–70 cm, coarsely much-branched throughout. Leaf: proximal-most opposite, most alternate; petiole 2–21 mm; blade 2.5–40 mm, gradually reduced distally on stem, ovate, tip obtuse to acute; veins pinnate. Inflorescence: flowers 1 per leaf axil, all opening; pedicels 1–3 mm in flower, 2–6 mm and bending down in fruit, subtending branchlets 0. Flower: calyx lobes 4–5 mm, equal; corolla 8–9 mm, cream and purple, veins purple, tube ± not extended at base, lower lip swollen, ± closing throat; stamens 4, included, staminode 0; style included, slightly curved upward, sparsely glandular-puberulent proximally, stigma inconspicuous. Fruit: spreading or pendant at maturity, ± spheric, sparsely glandular-puberulent distally; chambers equal, opening by irregular bursting near tip. Seed: many; wing large, cup-shaped.
n=13. Washes, rocky slopes; < 800 m. w Sonoran Desert (Deep Canyon, Riverside Co.); southern Arizona, northwestern Mexico. [Antirrhinum cyathiferum Benth.] Jan–Apr [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 26 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Pseudorontium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 26 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Pseudorontium cyathiferum Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.