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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub [ tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic.
Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled.
Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted.
Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled.
Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2.
Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
± 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cult as ornamental (in CA Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). [Harley et al. 2004 Fam Generally Vasc Plant 7:167–275] Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in CA. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; CA Satureja moved to Clinopodium. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Lamiaceae
Perennial, glabrous to hairy.
Stem: prostrate to erect, proximal nodes occasionally rooting.
Leaf: basal and cauline, generally petioled; blade generally entire.
Inflorescence: densely clustered, ± spike-like, terminal; bract generally wide, abruptly acuminate.
Flower: generally bisexual, occasionally only pistillate; calyx 2-lipped, upper lip = lower, upper lip 3-toothed, lower 2-lobed; corolla finely hairy inside, 2-lipped, lower lip 3-lobed, upper lip ± entire, hood-like, ± enclosing stamens; stamens 4, lower pair > upper, filaments minutely toothed below anthers.
Fruit: nutlets obovoid.
4 species: temperate, especially Eurasia. (Latin: from early German name for plant used to treat chest pains) [Trusty et al. 2004 Syst Bot 29:702–715]
Unabridged references: [Wagstaff et al. 1998 Plant Syst Evol 209:265–274]
Key to Prunella vulgaris
Stem: 1–5 dm, glabrous to short-hairy.
Leaf: lower petioled, petiole 5–30 mm; upper ± sessile; blade 2–7 cm, generally 1–4 cm wide, ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, base generally wedge-shaped.
Inflorescence: 2–6.5 cm; bract margins ciliate, ± red.
Flower: calyx 7–11 mm, dark green to ± purple; corolla 12–15 mm in bisexual flowers, 8–11 mm in pistillate, ± blue-violet, occasionally pink or white.
2n=28,32. [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Prunella
Next taxon: Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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