|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb, generally fleshy. Stem: several to many, spreading [to erect], generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite, linear, obovate, spoon-shaped, [elliptic, ± round], flat or cylindric, hairs in axils, inconspicuous or not , upper 2–5 forming involucre. Inflorescence: flowers 1 or clustered at stem tips. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals 2, fused at base, lower part fused to ovary and generally persistent in fruit; petals 5, fused at base, forming ring, yellow [magenta, rose, orange, white]; stamens 4–20[> 20], epipetalous or not, anthers yellow; ovary 1/2-inferior, chamber 1, ovules several to many, placenta free-central; style branches 3–6. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile. Seed: many, reniform, ± tubercled, black, gray, [brown, ± blue].
1 genus, ± 100 species: ± worldwide, especially tropics, subtropics some cultivated (Portulaca grandiflora Hook.; Portulaca umbraticola Kunth). [Nyffeler & Eggli 2010 Taxon 59:227–240] All other California genera previously in this family now in Montiaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Applequist et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:310–319]
(Probably Latin: small gate or door, from capsule lid) [Matthews 2004 FNANM 4:496–501]Key to Portulaca
Unabridged references: [Danin et al. 1978 Israel J Bot 27:177–211; Legrand 1962 Anales Mus Hist Nat (Montevideo) 2a ser 7(3):1–147]
Annual, ± perennial herb. Stem: spreading, 3–40 cm. Leaf: 3–30 mm. Inflorescence: flowers 1–8. Flower: sepals 2.5–5 mm, green or ± red; petals 3–5 mm, yellow; stamens 5–12; style branches 3–6. Fruit: 2–4.5 mm wide. Seed: 0.6–1 mm wide, dark brown to black.
2n=18,36,54. Disturbed soil; < 2100 m. California; probably native to eastern hemisphere, widely naturalized elsewhere. [Portulaca granulato-stellulata (Poelln.) Ricceri & Arrigoni; Portulaca nitida (Danin & H.G. Baker) Ricceri & Arrigoni; Portulaca oleracea subsp. granulato-stellulata (Poelln.) Danin & H.G. Baker; Portulaca oleracea subsp. nitida Danin & H.G. Baker; Portulaca oleracea subsp. oleracea; Portulaca oleracea subsp. papillato-stellulata Danin & H.G. Baker; Portulaca papillato-stellulata (Danin & H.G. Baker) Danin; Portulaca retusa Engelm.] Apr–Oct [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Evidence indicates that Portulaca oleracea is not monophyletic. Some specimens found in Mojave Desert seem to belong to either Portulaca oleracea subsp. impolita Danin & H.G. Baker or to a lineage more close related to Portulaca johnstonii Henrickson; study needed.
Previous taxon: Portulaca halimoides
Next taxon: Primulaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 1 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Portulaca, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=39530, accessed on Dec 1 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Portulaca oleracea|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month