Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

POLYGALACEAE MILKWORT FAMILY

Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt

[Annual] perennial herb, subshrub, shrub [tree, vine]; hairs unbranched. Leaf: simple, generally alternate (opposite or whorled); veins pinnate; margin generally ± entire; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or panicle. Flower: bisexual, generally bilateral and ± pea-flower-like [or ± radial]; sepals 5, fused or not, lateral or inner pair generally larger and petal-like (called wings); petals 5[3], fused to stamen tube, [± similar or] different with 1 lower keel petal, 2 strap-like upper petals, and 2[0] lateral petals; stamens 3–10, ± fused, tube open at top; ovary chambers 1–8 with 1 ovule each, style 1 or 0. Fruit: capsule [drupe or nut; occasionally winged]. Seed: often with aril.
20 genera, 1000 species: especially tropics, subtropics few cultivated. [Persson 2001 Taxon 50:763–779] —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin.

POLYGALA MILKWORT
Root odor generally wintergreen. Inflorescence: raceme or spike, occasionally grouped and panicle-like; cleistogamous flowers occasionally solitary. Flower: bilateral; lateral 2 sepals enlarged; petals 3 or 5, keel petal generally with cylindric beak or fringed crest at tip; stamens 6–8, anthers dehiscent at tip, appearing 1-chambered; with nectary disk or gland; ovary chambers 2, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule. Seed: fusiform or ovoid, black, generally hairy, generally with prominent white aril on 1 end.
± 500 species: tropics, temperate. (Greek: much milk, some European species said to increase milk in cows) [Wendt 1979 J Arnold Arbor 60:504–514]

Key to Polygala

P. intermontana T. Wendt INTERMOUNTAIN MILKWORT
NATIVE
Subshrub, shrub, stiff-branched, ± open, < 10 dm, occasionally mat-like. Stem: twig hairs dense, white, appressed to irregularly ascending. Leaf: 3–25 mm, linear to obovate, hairs incurved or appressed. Inflorescence: thorn-tipped; flowers 1–7; pedicel 2.5–9 mm, glabrous. Flower: 2.5–5.2 mm; outer sepals glabrous or ciliate, occasionally sparsely hairy near tip, wings cream or ± green; keel petal beak 0 or minute. Fruit: 3.5–5.8 mm including stalk. Seed: 2.8–4.2 mm, including hairs; sparsely pubescent to glabrous; aril glabrous.
2n=18. Pinyon/juniper woodland; 2600–3080 m. East of Sierra Nevada (Mono Co.); to Utah, northern Arizona. May–Aug [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}
Unabridged synonyms: [Polygala acanthoclada var. intricata Eastw.]

Previous taxon: Polygala heterorhyncha
Next taxon: Polygala subspinosa

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Polygala, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=39065, accessed on Apr 20 2014

Copyright © 2013 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


Bioregions in which Polygala intermontana occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
View elevation by latitude chart Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.