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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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[Annual] perennial herb, subshrub, shrub [ tree, vine]; hairs unbranched.
Leaf: simple, generally alternate ( opposite or whorled); veins pinnate; margin generally ± entire; stipules generally 0.
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or panicle.
Flower: bisexual, generally bilateral and ± pea- flower-like [or ± radial]; sepals 5, fused or not, lateral or inner pair generally larger and petal-like (called wings); petals 5, fused to stamen tube, [± similar or] different with 1 lower keel petal, 2 strap-like upper petals, and 2 lateral petals; stamens 3–10, ± fused, tube open at top; ovary chambers 1–8 with 1 ovule each, style 1 or 0.
Fruit: capsule [ drupe or nut; occasionally winged].
Seed: often with aril.
20 genera, 1000 species: especially tropics, subtrop; few cultivated. [Persson 2001 Taxon 50:763–779] —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Root odor generally wintergreen.Key to Polygala
Inflorescence: raceme or spike, occasionally grouped and panicle-like; cleistogamous flowers occasionally solitary.
Flower: bilateral; lateral 2 sepals enlarged; petals 3 or 5, keel petal generally with cylindric beak or fringed crest at tip; stamens 6–8, anthers dehiscent at tip, appearing 1-chambered; with nectary disk or gland; ovary chambers 2, stigma 2-lobed.
Seed: fusiform or ovoid, black, generally hairy, generally with prominent white aril on 1 end.
± 500 species: tropics, temperate. (Greek: much milk, some Eur species said to increase milk in cows) [Wendt 1979 J Arnold Arbor 60:504–514]
Perennial, subshrub, forming thorny mats 1–2 dm, < 7 dm diam.
Stem: glabrous to short-stiff-hairy, ± glaucous.
Leaf: 4–20 mm, ovate to elliptic or obovate, scattered short-sharp-hairy; base tapered to rounded.
Inflorescence: prominently thorn-tipped.
Flower: 7.5–13.5 mm; sepal wings pink; keel petal beak 1.4–4 mm, prominently notched below, yellow.
Fruit: 4.2–7.8 mm including stalk.
Seed: 3–4.4 mm incl hairs; seed body widely elliptic to round in ×-section, hairier near aril; aril glabrous.
2n=36. Rocky areas in desert scrub; 900–1600 m. Desert Mountains (Funeral Mtns, Inyo Co.);
Previous taxon: Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
Next taxon: Polygala intermontana
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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