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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Polemoniaceae
Annual, perennial herb. Stem: decumbent to erect, 10–100 cm, glandular-hairy, hairy, or glabrous. Leaf: pinnate-compound, alternate; basal petiole base membranous or not, sheathing or not; cauline sessile above; leaflets entire to divided, glabrous to glandular-hairy. Inflorescence: cyme or head. Flower: calyx bell-shaped, membranous in age but not separated into membrane and lobes, glandular-hairy; corolla rotate to funnel- or bell-shaped, tube << throat, lobes white to blue or purple; stamens attached at 1 level, filaments hairy at base; ovary generally ± 1 mm, ± 1 mm wide. Fruit: ovoid to spheric. Seed: <= 10, generally 1–3 mm, elliptic to ovate, ± gelatinous when wet, brown to black.Key to Polemonium
± 30 species: America, Eurasia. (Greek: perhaps from Polemon, Athenian philosopher, or polemos, strife or war) Perennial herb generally cross-pollinated, annual self-pollinated.
Unabridged references: [Grant 1989 Bot Gaz 150:158–169]
Perennial herb, cespitose, soft-hairy; rhizomed. Stem: decumbent to erect, 12–25 cm, glandular-hairy. Leaf: ± basal, < 15 cm, 1–5 cm wide, cauline reduced or not, glandular-hairy; petioles 2–6 cm, bases not membranous, ± sheathing; leaflets 9–25, 10–25 mm, 5–15 mm wide, elliptic to lanceolate, entire, terminal ± fused with adjacent pair. Inflorescence: open cyme, generally same level as highest leaves, 5–25-flowered; pedicel 1–7 mm. Flower: calyx 6–8 mm, lobes > tube, acute, glandular-hairy; corolla bell-shaped, limb 7–15 mm diam, throat 2–3 mm, lobes 3–4 mm, light to dark blue or purple; stamens 5 mm, included; pistil 4–7 mm, exserted or not. Fruit: 2–4 mm, 2–3 mm wide. Seed: 6–10, brown.
2n=36. Dry, open to shaded areas in montane forest; 1600–3100 m. Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada; to Washington. Self-incompatible. Intergrades with Polemonium pulcherrimum at high elevations in High Sierra Nevada. Jun–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Polemonium
Next taxon: Polemonium carneum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 19 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Polemonium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=38969, accessed on Dec 19 2014
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© 1983 Gary A. Monroe
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Polemonium californicum|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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