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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb [ shrub, tree], generally from taproot.
Stem: generally ± scapose, generally ribbed, hollow.
Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound.
Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in " involucels".
Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally ± ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a ± conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles.
Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally ± persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1–several per interval between ribs.
300 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Apiaceae
Perennial, taprooted, low, fibrous at base, ± puberulent.
Leaf: basal; blades oblong to widely ovate, 1–2- pinnate, leaflets linear to round.
Inflorescence: umbels compound, dense, head-like; bracts 0 or linear; involucel 1-sided; bractlets several, narrow or wide, generally partly fused; rays few, cylindric to flattened or winged; pedicels like rays.
Flower: calyx lobes conspicuous; petals wide, yellow, ± purple, or white, tips narrowed.
Fruit: oblong-ovate to ovate, ± compressed side-to-side, glabrous; ribs ± equal, thread-like to prominently corky, obtuse; oil tubes 2–several per rib-interval; fruit axis not obvious.
Seed: compressed front-to-back; face flat to ± concave.
4 species: mtns of w North America. (Greek: solid foot, from compact habit)
Compact cushion 2–5 cm, 2–5 dm diam.
Leaf: petiole 3–15 mm, white scarious-sheathing; blade 3–10 mm, oblong to ovate, 1- pinnate, leaflets 1–6 mm, linear to lanceolate, entire, pointed.
Inflorescence: peduncle 5–30 mm; bracts 0; bractlets 2–4 mm, ± = flowers and fruits, ovate, strongly fused into a cup; rays winged, short; pedicels 0–few, < fruit.
Flower: corolla yellow.
Fruit: 4–4.5 mm, oblong-ovate; ribs thread-like; oil tubes 3–4 per rib-interval.
2n=22. Unglaciated granitic gravel, scree, crevices; 3000–4000 m. n&c High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, White and Inyo Mountains.
Previous taxon: Podistera
Next taxon: Sanicula
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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