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PITTOSPORACEAE PITTOSPORUM FAMILY

Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock

Tree, shrub, woody vine, generally evergreen. Leaf: simple, alternate, occasionally ± at branch tips, often leathery, generally entire, petioled. Inflorescence: panicle, cluster, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, free or ± fused at base; petals 5, free, erect or spreading, base generally ± adherent into tube; stamens 5; ovary superior, chambers generally 2–3, style 1, stigma generally spheric. Fruit: capsule, berry. Seed: several, often in pulp.
9 genera, ± 200 species: warm temperate, tropics, Old World, especially Australia, New Zealand, eastern Asia; some ornamental, especially Pittosporum. [Chandler et al. 2007 Aust Syst Bot 20:390–40] Sollya moved to Billardiera. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Pittosporaceae

PITTOSPORUM
Tree, shrub. Leaf: tip acute or rounded. Inflorescence: panicle, umbel-like cluster, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary. Flower: generally functionally unisexual; petals generally adherent proximally, spreading distally; anthers free; ovary chambers 2–3. Fruit: capsule, woody, 2–3 valved; pulp resinous. Seed: sticky.
± 150 species: warm parts of Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, eastern Asia, Africa. (Greek: pitch, seed, from resinous seed coating) Some species medicinal and poisonous; saponins in Pittosporum crassifolium.

Key to Pittosporum

P. crassifolium Banks & Sol.
NATURALIZED
Shrub, small tree. Stem: < 9 m; twigs densely hairy. Leaf: generally 4.5–7 cm, oblong to obovate, leathery, margin generally ± turned under; abaxially white, densely hairy; petiole 8–16 mm. Inflorescence: umbel, terminal. Flower: not fragrant; petals ± 1 cm, dark red to purple-black. Fruit: 1.5–3 cm, spheric or ovoid, dense-hairy, generally 3-valved. Seed: purple-black.
Uncommon. Disturbed areas; < 200 m. Central Coast; native to New Zealand. Nov–May [Online Interchange]

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Next taxon: Pittosporum tenuifolium

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 25 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Pittosporum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=38444, accessed on Nov 25 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Pittosporum crassifolium Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.